Poster Topical Area: Nutritional Epidemiology
Location: Hall D
Poster Board Number: 762
Objective: in this study we evaluated nutrient and dietary patterns among breast cancer survivors.
Methods: a case-control study design was used. Cases were female breast cancer survivors and controls were females without breast cancer. Participants completed a questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic, food frequency and physical activity items. Participation was voluntary. Nutrient intakes were analyzed using nutrient analysis software (Nutrigene 7.0) and SPSS version 24. Nutrient intakes were expressed per 1000 kcal. Anthropometry was assessed using standard procedures. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee, The University of the West Indies.
Results: Seven Hundred and Thirty-four (cases = 120; controls = 614) participated in the study. Cases were significantly older and heavier than controls. They were also significantly more likely than controls to be overweight and obese (63.3 vs. 49.3%; p= 0.008). In addition, they were less likely than controls to report participating in physical activity ≥3 times per week (52.0 vs. 36.7%; p= 0.003). Cases had significantly lower mean energy intakes than controls (1806 ± 326 vs. 2294 ± 342 kcals; p < 0.001). Breast cancer survivors had significantly higher mean intakes of niacin, vitamin B12, calcium, and vitamin E than their non-cancer counterparts. Non-breast cancer participants had higher mean intakes of sodium and vitamin A than persons with breast cancer. With the exception of mean vegetable intakes, breast cancer survivors reported significantly lower intakes of all food groups than their non-breast cancer counterparts.
Conclusion: Overall breast cancer survivors reported lower mean intakes of the various food groups with the exception of vegetables. We found no difference in mean macronutrient intakes, while there were significant mean differences in several micronutrients expressed per 1000 kcal.
The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad
El Dorado., Tunapuna-Piarco, Trinidad and Tobago