Poster Topical Area: Community and Public Health Nutrition
Poster Board Number: 128
Objective: To assess the fruit and vegetable consumption pattern among adolescents in Agege Local Government Area (LGA), Lagos State
Method: The cross-sectional study was carried out among 200 randomly selected adolescents (11-19years) attending public secondary schools in the LGA. A structured interviewer's administered questionnaire was used to collect information on the bio-data of the respondents. Food frequency and 24-hr recall questionnaires were used to assess consumption pattern and dietary intake. Anthropometric measurements were taken using standard procedures and Epi Info software was used to analyse anthropometric data. Data was analysed using the SPSS. Descriptive (mean, standard deviation, frequencies) and Chi square analysis was carried out.
Results: About half (51.5%) of the respondents were between 11-15 years and 62.5% were females, 38.5% of the respondent's fathers were civil servants and 49% of their mothers were traders. About one-third (36.5%) consume fruits 4 -6 times weekly, 20% rarely consume fruits and 15% consume fruits as in-between meals. The most commonly consumed fruits are paw-paw, banana, pineapple, watermelon, cherry, oranges and tangerines. Twenty-one percent of the respondents rarely consume vegetables and the most commonly consumed vegetables are tomatoes, onions, okra, corchorus olitorius, cucumber, and carrot. The mean energy, fibre, vitamin c and iron intake are 1818.5kcal, 17.8g, 37.7mg and 9.8mg respectively. Fruit and vegetable intake contributed 5.7% to the total energy, 5.7% to the total fibre, 27.7% to the total vitamin c and 3.3% to the total iron intake. Fruit and vegetable consumption was significantly higher among the males (P=0.027). The prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity are 5.7%, 10.1% and 4.2% respectively. However, obesity was significantly higher among the female respondents and those in the junior secondary class (P=0.031; P=0.015). There was no significant association between fruit and vegetable consumption and body mass index (P=0.215) among the respondents.
Conclusions: Fruit and vegetable consumption was infrequent among respondents and had no significant association with their body mass index.
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta Nigeria
Abeokuta, Ogun, Nigeria