90 Minute Workshop

When the Family Is the Pimp: Human Trafficking Within the Family System

Sunday, March 25
1:30 PM - 3:00 PM
Location: Salon 2

With the increase of public policy, media attention, and legislation, the issue of human trafficking has become more widely known to society and clinicians, alike (Logan, Walker, & Hunt, 2009). However, one area that has not received significant attention is the impact on the survivor when the trafficking is perpetrated by the family-of-origin. Just as human trafficking has historically, yet inaccurately, been viewed as an international problem, so, too, has it been viewed as an issue perpetrated by criminals outside of the family (e.g. pimps, gangs, organized criminal groups). The dynamics inherent in familial relationships complicate the survivor’s ability to reveal the abuse or get away from the trafficking environment. In this workshop, the presenters will describe intra-familial trafficking and outline the complicating treatment factors that arise when a client has been trafficked by their own family members. These factors include but are not limited to: trauma bonds that increase concealment of the abuse (Middleton, Sachs, & Dorahy, 2017), betrayal trauma (Birrel & Freyd, 2006), the lack of a safe family to return to, implications for children born from the trafficking (Surtees, 2017), and the likelihood of continuous threats or danger if the survivor leaves the family system. 

Learning Objectives:

Kristy Eldredge

Faculty and Clinician
The Chicago School of Professional Psychology
DENVER, Colorado

Dr. Kristy Eldredge is a clinician in private practice as well as a faculty member in the Master's of Clinical Mental Health Counseling program at The Chicago School of Professional Psychology. She has her doctorate in Counselor Education and Supervision and her Master's degree in Counseling Psychology. She holds a license as a Professional Counselor (LPC) in the state of Colorado and is certified as a Nationally Certified Counselor (NCC) and Approved Clinical Supervisor (ACS)


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Heather Davediuk Gingrich

Professor of Counseling
Denver Seminary
Littleton, Colorado

Heather Davediuk Gingrich, Ph.D., is professor of counseling at Denver Seminary and maintains a small private practice working with complex trauma survivors. She is the author of Restoring the Shattered Self, coauthor of Skills for Effective Counseling, and co-editor and contributor to Treating Trauma in Christian Counseling. She began counseling over thirty-five years ago in Canada, and continued in the Philippines where she counseled, taught at the masters and doctoral levels, and completed her doctoral studies on complex trauma. She continues her international involvements with the Institute for International Care and Counsel at Belhaven University, as well as adjunct teaching at the Asia Graduate School of Theology in the Philippines and seminaries in Guatemala, Sri Lanka, and Singapore. Gingrich is a member of the International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation, the Trauma Psychology Division of the American Psychological Association, the Christian Association for Psychological Studies, and the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy. Her scholarly work focuses on understanding and working with those who have histories of child abuse and other forms of relational trauma, particularly as they relate to issues of Christian faith and spirituality. She and her husband Fred have two adult sons and are raising their grandson.


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When the Family Is the Pimp: Human Trafficking Within the Family System

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