Workshop Presentation


Workshop 22: Culture matters when implementing experiential learning: An experiential workshop

Wednesday, May 16
15:15 - 16:45
Location: Universe 3

Course Goal or Outcome: : This workshop will focus on how different cultures may influence the experiences and actions of participants in a simulation scenario. During the workshop, participants will reflect on Hofstede’s model of cultural dimensions, and have the opportunity to practice and improve their understanding of how culture and experiential learning are related. The workshop aims to raise awareness and invoke discussion around cultural influences on interactions during a scenario and on the process of debriefing in different cultures.

Learning Objectives: : • Understand the concept of cultural dimensions and how they are linked to national identity
• Develop and increase the participants’ awareness of cultural influences on communication and debriefing
• Discuss the exploration of potential strategies to adapt debriefing approaches and styles according to the culture in which the debriefing takes place

Intended Audience: : All conference attendees can participate in the workshop, especially debriefers working in a multicultural, inter-professional setting.

Relevance to the Conference: : At the end of the workshop we expect participants to take away a sense of the importance and influence of culture in simulation practice. Moreover to integrate these nuances into their daily interactions and discover a new sphere of inquiry in simulation debriefing.

Workshop Timeline: : Introduction (15 minutes): The workshop will commence with a brief introduction of ‘who we are’ and how we became interested in culture vis-a-vis simulation. Then we will briefly describe the concept of culture, provide examples of cultural stereotypes and explain Hofstede’s culture model and each of his six dimensions.

Interactive session:
Background (20 minutes): We will explain the steps of the workshop activities and what they will entail. The workshop faculty will demonstrate a short role-play scenario in either a high or low power distance environment. Participants will then be divided into small groups with the workshop faculty.

Interactive Small Group Activity (45 minutes): Each small group will be asked to re-enact the scenario based on their choice of a high or low power distance culture. This will be in accordance with the varying cultural dimensions they would practice in their chosen culture. By rotating through the different cultural backgrounds, participants will be given an opportunity to recognize the different dimensions and practice how to deliberate participants cultural background during simulation debriefing and or teaching.

Summation and Concluding Remarks (25 minutes): Each group will present their impressions of role-play. The facilitators will reflect on each groups’ activity and provide a summary of the activity as well as answer and address questions.

Rana Sharara-Chami, MD, FAAP

Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Pediatric Critical Care
American University of Beirut Medical Center

Rana Sharara-Chami is associate Professor of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Associate Program Director and Simulation Program Director at the American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon. She is American Boarded in Pediatrics and Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. She completed her training at Boston Childrne's Hospital, Harvard medical school.
Her reseach interests in Simulation focus mainly on the cultural aspects of debriefing and multi-disciplinary simulation in different cultures.


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Peter Dieckmann, PhD, Dipl.-Psych

Senior Researcher and Faculty Developer
Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation (CAMES), Denmark


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Ella Scott, RN, RSCN, Grad Cert-PIC, MA

Senior Simulation Operations Manager
Sidra Medicine, Doha, Qatar

Ella Scott RN RSCN MA
Registered Nurse, Registered Sick Children’s Nurse with a background in Paediatric Intensive Care and Emergency Nursing
Current Position:
Senior Simulation Operations Manager, Department of Simulation, Sidra Medicine, Doha, Qatar.

Previously worked as the Co-Lead in Simulation for six years across the Sydney Children’s Hospitals Network in Australia
Prior to this Ella has had extensive clinical experience in general and specialist paediatric nursing including humanitarian work in Sudan, Kenya, Haiti and Afghanistan.
Ella's current position has focused on inception of a hospital wide simulation program and Centre development. Recent projects have included using simulation to activate in patient clinical areas with an international workforce.
Other activities include safe quality care provision within paediatrics and Women’s health through simulation education and research based practice.


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Zavi Lakissian, MD, MPH, PgD

Research Fellow
American University of Beirut Medical Center
Beirut, Beyrouth, Lebanon


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Workshop 22: Culture matters when implementing experiential learning: An experiential workshop


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