Child Nutrition Programs & School Nutrition

Public Health and Wellness

Research and Standards

FNCE 2018

468. Methods Matter: Research to Improve Accuracy of Children's Dietary Recalls

Tuesday, October 23
8:00 AM - 9:30 AM
CE: 1.5

Session Level 2 - Intermediate

Dr. Suzanne Baxter, recipient of the 2017 Monsen Award for Outstanding Research Literature, and a key colleague, Dr. Alfred Smith, will review findings and practice applications from a systematic research program on factors that influence children’s dietary recall accuracy. The National Institutes of Health and the United States Department of Agriculture funded validation studies which assessed children’s recall accuracy for school-meal intake, usually within 24-hour recalls, by comparing intake reported by children to direct observations of their school-meal intake. Experimental manipulations identified such influences on recall accuracy as retention interval and interview prompts. Relationships to recall accuracy of such child variables as cognitive ability, social desirability, body mass index, and socioeconomic status were examined. Analyses unmasked hazards when evaluating accuracy for kilocalories and macronutrients without first considering the accuracy of items and amounts reported.

Learning Objectives:

Learning Need Codes:

  • 9060 - Research development, design
  • 3010 - Assessment methodology
  • 3020 - Assessment of target groups, populations

Ashley Vargas, PhD, MPH, RDN, FAND

Dr. Vargas has been a Registered Dietitian for over 10 years. She practiced in clinical gerontology and oncology, prior to pursuing a Ph.D. in Nutritional Sciences. She currently monitors and evaluates nutrition research and policy in the Office of the Director at NIH. She currently serves as chair-elect of the Research DPG and has earned fellowship within the Academy for her service to the field.


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Linda Snetselaar, PhD RDN FAND LD

Dr. Snetselaar is an Epidemiology Professor and Associate Provost at the University of Iowa, and Editor in Chief of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. She has authored 148 peer-reviewed articles, numerous books and chapters, and more than 120 invited presentations. As Principal or Co-Principal Investigator on research grants, she has studied the Women's Health Initiative, diet in children, diet in renal disease, nutrition in the medical school curriculum, nutrition counseling, childhood obesity, nutrition in cancer prevention, NuVal scoring system, and brief motivational interviewing for BMI. She was on the Institute of Medicine's Committee on Women's Health Research, and a Reviewer for the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015. She has reviewed countless grant proposals for NIH. She was Secretary-Treasurer for the Iowa Dietetic Association, Chair of the Academy's Council on Research, and Director of the Academy's Dietetic Practice-Based Research Network.


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Suzanne Baxter, PhD RD LD FADA FAND

Dr. Baxter is an Adjunct Research Professor in the College of Social Work at the University of South Carolina. As Principal Investigator on research grants funded mainly by NIH, her primary research has concerned the accuracy of dietary recalls by children. She has authored 88 peer-reviewed articles, 5 chapters, and 179 poster or podium presentations. As an active Academy member, she served the South Carolina affiliate as President, Abstract Chair, and Foundation Liaison. She chaired the Task Force to create the Foundation's Amy Joye Memorial Research Award. She currently serves on the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Board of Editors, as Research DPG Treasurer, on the Academy's 2017–2019 Diversity Leaders Program, and on the Foundation's Philanthropy Council and Scholarship Committee. Honors include the 2012 South Carolina Outstanding Dietitian of the Year, 2016 Research DPG First Author Publication Award, and 2017 Monsen Award for Outstanding Research Literature.


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Albert Smith, PhD, MS

Dr. Albert F. Smith is a cognitive psychologist in the Psychology Department at Cleveland State University in Ohio where, recently, he has been interim department chair and chair of the University Curriculum Committee. His research involvement in dietary assessment methods dates to the late 1980s when, with support from the National Center for Health Statistics, he conducted a series of studies to analyze and examine dietary reporting from the perspective of cognitive psychology. He has collaborated with Dr. Suzanne Baxter for more than 20 years. Recently, in this collaboration, he has focused particularly on the relationship of dietary reporting accuracy to such child-respondent characteristics as cognitive ability, body mass index, social desirability, and socioeconomic status. Over the last two years, in collaboration with Dr. Baxter and others, he has co-authored ten articles and five conference podium or poster presentations in the area of dietary assessment methodology.


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468. Methods Matter: Research to Improve Accuracy of Children's Dietary Recalls

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