Category: Federal Forum Posters
Purpose: First line therapies for treating hypertension are lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise, with diet having a larger impact on blood pressure. Plant-based food intake has been found to decrease blood pressure and if this diet is maintained, without the consumption of animal products, it has the potential to treat hypertension better than medication alone and can eliminate the need for antihypertensives. The purpose of this investigation is to assess the impact of the BEET program which entails a plant-based diet, and education on how to prepare and maintain an optimal diet, on participants with hypertension.
Methods: This study is Institutional Review Board approved. Participants 18 years of age or older with hypertension will be enrolled in a 12-week program that promotes a plant-based diet to improve health. The program will provide: plant-based meal kits for the first 8 weeks, two hours per week of educational classes, a Fitbit to track activity levels, and weekly “Walk with a Doc” opportunities. Topics covered during weekly classes include education on: managing hypertension and medications, how diet and other lifestyle choices can affect blood pressure and overall health, meal planning, motivational tools, and cooking demonstrations. Clinical parameters that will be measured at baseline and throughout the program include: height and weight, waist circumference, body fat analysis, central and peripheral blood pressure, arterial stiffness, lipid panel, hemoglobin A1c, medication use, diet adherence, and Fitbit data. Patients will also be assessed 3 months after the end of the program to reassess clinical parameters and sustainment of dietary and lifestyle changes. The change from baseline to week 12 and month 3 will be used to determine the impact of the BEET program on markers of health. A paired t-test will be utilized to assess changes before and after the 12-week program.
Results: Not Applicable
Conclusion: Not Applicable
Allison Stephens– PGY1 Pharmacy Resident, David Grant USAF Medical Center, Fairfield, CA