International Issues

Oral

387143 - HYDRO-POLITICS IN WATER GOVERNANCE OF THE NILE RIVER IN AFRICA

Tuesday, June 5
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
Location: Greenway CD
Co-Authors: SILAS EKADU, UGANDA – Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry & Fisheries

Competition for access to water in has become more contentious and pronounced in many parts of the world during the recent times. With the increasing population, many transboundary river systems in the world are experiencing significant ecological damage along with conflicts over access and management. The Nile River Basin which comprises of 11 Countries (Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan and Egypt) is experiencing extraordinary population growth which is likely to hit 600 million by 2050. With the ensuing threats of climate change and increasing water demand, the countries in the basin are now clamoring for more access in disregard of the colonial agreements of 1929 and 1959 which granted Egypt and Sudan exclusive rights over the Nile waters. In 2010, the upstream states signed a new agreement known as “The Nile River Basin Cooperative Framework” to enable them to develop hydropower and irrigation projects without seeking permission from Egypt; rescinding Egypt’s veto powers over the Nile. This has somewhat caused tension and antagonized bilateral relations in the region over sharing of water with Egypt and Sudan declining to sign the new agreement. This has aggravated the hydro-political issues among the Nile River Basin countries. Further, the water-sharing conflicts among the countries of the region have threatened peace and regional cooperation in the basin. This study highlights these hydro-political issues on water sharing among these countries. It discusses the challenges and opportunities to better utilize the available resources amicably with minimal conflicts.

MITTHAN LAL KANSAL, PhD

PROFESSOR
Indian Institute Of Technology Roorkee

Dr. Mitthan Lal Kansal, presently working as Professor in the department of Water Resources Development & Management at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee (India). He is a Civil Engineering graduate with post-graduation in Water Resources Engineering. He obtained his Ph.D. from Delhi University. He also holds the Post Graduate Diploma in Operations Management. Previously, he served Delhi College of Engineering, Delhi, NIT Kurukshetra, IIT Delhi, NIH, Rookree at various levels. He has published about 150 research papers and two books. He has guided more than 100 students for Ph.D.s, M.Tech. dissertations, and B.Tech. projects. He has got best paper awards from Indian Building Congress, Indian Water Works Association, and received star performer award from IIT Roorkee. He received prestigious Visiting International Fellowship (VIF) award from EWRI of ASCE in year 2011. He acted as reviewer for several International Journals and research agencies. He has visited various countries like USA, Australia, France, Denmark, Burkina Faso, Turkey, Iran, Nepal, Fiji and Bangladesh as International Expert and Visiting Professor. Dr. Kansal acted as International expert for RCUWM of UNESCO and IUCN, etc. He is founder President of North India Chapter of Environmental & Water Resources Institute (EWRI) of American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), USA. He is a Life fellow member of various professional bodies like I.E. (I), IWWA, IAH, etc. and executive committee member, and consultant to various organizations. His areas of interest are : Rural and Urban Water Supply Schemes, Risk and Reliability Assessment of Water Resource Systems, River and Soil Health, Water Quality Modeling and Monitoring in Distribution Networks, Water Sustainability, Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources, GHGs Emission from Water-bodies, Minimum Flow Requirements, Hydropower System Planning, and Application of Operations Research in various areas of water resources engineering, etc.

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