Sustainability

Oral

397805 - Spatial patterns of vulnerability and green stormwater infrastructure: Are we maximizing benefits?

Tuesday, June 5
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
Location: Northstar B
Co-Authors: Morgan Grove, Suite 350, 5523 Research Park Drive Baltimore, MD, 21228 – US Forest Service; Julie Cidell, 255 CAB, MC-150 605 E. Springfield Ave. Champaign, IL 61820 – University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Arthur Schmidt, 2535a Hydrosystems Lab 205 N. Mathews Urbana Illinois 61801 – University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

With increasing threats of climate change, many cities today have committed to catchment-wide implementation of green stormwater infrastructure (GSI). GSI is considered to be a climate change mitigation strategy due to its potential to address stormwater management problems while providing other human and ecosystem benefits, including urban heat island reduction. Despite this increased popularity, strategic spatial planning of GSI has significant challenges associated with stakeholder resistance, budget constraints, and lack of methods and tools that enable integrated catchment scale assessment of the full socio-ecological multifunctionality.
These limitations can be particularly problematic because GSI siting decisions have significant implications for environmental and social justice, especially considering the coping capacity and hazard exposure of different communities to climate change hazards (i.e., their vulnerability). In this study, we assess how these limitations have affected the delivery of GSI benefits to areas of highest vulnerability. More specifically, this study presents a spatial analytical framework that adopts the concepts of “service-benefiting areas” and “service-needing areas” to better define spatial relationships between GSI projects and vulnerability of socio-ecologic systems to multiple hazards.
Using GSI projects in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as a case study, we find that GSI has not been sited in locations that would maximize benefits to the most vulnerable communities. Furthermore, using the presented framework to explore spatial synergies and tradeoffs among the socio-ecologic vulnerabilities, we were able to identify "high priority” areas for GSI installations that were within one mile of current or planned GSI installations. The results of the study highlight the climate justice implications of GSI siting and suggest the need for effective tools that enable a more participatory and integrated assessment of GI projects.

Barbara S. Minsker, PhD

Professor, Deparment Chair
Southern Methodist University

Presentation(s):

Send Email for Barbara Minsker

Samuel J. Rivera, MS

PhD Candidate
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Samuel (Sammy) Rivera is a doctoral student in the Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure Systems (SRIS) program in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), advised by Professor Barbara Minsker. His research interests currently focus on the application of data mining and knowledge discovery techniques to improving understanding and management of sustainability problems, with an emphasis on urban hydrology. Sammy earned his B.S. in Civil Engineering from the University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez Campus in 2011, where he received the Etienne Totti award, which is given to the department’s most distinguished student. In 2013, he received his M.S. degree in Civil Engineering under the SRIS program at the UIUC. His M.S. thesis evaluated the feasibility of using text-mining techniques to identify, track, and report urban sustainability indicators by analyzing unstructured digital news articles. Sammy has received several fellowship and awards, including the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship (NSF-GRF), the Support for Under-Represented Groups in Engineering (SURGE) Fellowship and the Outstanding Scholar Award from the Summer Pre-Doctoral Institute (SPI).

Presentation(s):

Send Email for Samuel Rivera


Assets

397805 - Spatial patterns of vulnerability and green stormwater infrastructure: Are we maximizing benefits?



Attendees who have favorited this

Please enter your access key

The asset you are trying to access is locked. Please enter your access key to unlock.

Send Email for Spatial patterns of vulnerability and green stormwater infrastructure: Are we maximizing benefits?