Emerging and Innovative Technologies


394412 - A Study of Urban Water Supply System Resilience for the Capital City of Delhi (India)

Monday, June 4
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Location: Lakeshore C
Co-Authors: Mitthan Kansal, Roorkee – IIT Roorkee; Venkataramana Sridhar, Blacksburg – Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Nitu Singh, Tanakpur – Uttarakhand Public Works Department

India is second largest democracy with a population of about 1325 million. Providing sustainable water supply to Delhi is a major challenge. About 30 % (around 400 million) population is living in cities, out of which around one-third is living in urban slums. The country has more than 65 million-plus cities, out of which 8 cities are mega-cities. National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi has a population of around 19 million with the population growth rate of 2.1% per annum during the decade 2001-2011. The source of raw water for producing potable water in Delhi is Yamuna River, Ganga Canal, Govindsagar reservoir as well as through local Ranney Wells and tube wells. The Delhi Jal Board distributes 848 MGD (including around 100 MGD from groundwater). In the present study sustainability of water supply to Delhi is discussed.
Quantitative assessment is carried out by WEAP software under different climatic conditions. While water allocation from different sources may have been fixed, the result shows that the unmet water demand will continue to increase over the coming years. This is mainly due to the increase in population with limited water resources. The most effective option for period 2020- 2035 is the construction of Renuka Dam that may result in meeting water demand during this period. Several scenarios including inflows to existing dams under future climate conditions, constructing new storage structures and conservation practices are assessed and presented to meet the sustainable water supply development goals of this fast developing region in the world.


Indian Institute Of Technology Roorkee

Dr. Mitthan Lal Kansal, presently working as Professor in the department of Water Resources Development & Management at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee (India). He is a Civil Engineering graduate with post-graduation in Water Resources Engineering. He obtained his Ph.D. from Delhi University. He also holds the Post Graduate Diploma in Operations Management. Previously, he served Delhi College of Engineering, Delhi, NIT Kurukshetra, IIT Delhi, NIH, Rookree at various levels. He has published about 150 research papers and two books. He has guided more than 100 students for Ph.D.s, M.Tech. dissertations, and B.Tech. projects. He has got best paper awards from Indian Building Congress, Indian Water Works Association, and received star performer award from IIT Roorkee. He received prestigious Visiting International Fellowship (VIF) award from EWRI of ASCE in year 2011. He acted as reviewer for several International Journals and research agencies. He has visited various countries like USA, Australia, France, Denmark, Burkina Faso, Turkey, Iran, Nepal, Fiji and Bangladesh as International Expert and Visiting Professor. Dr. Kansal acted as International expert for RCUWM of UNESCO and IUCN, etc. He is founder President of North India Chapter of Environmental & Water Resources Institute (EWRI) of American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), USA. He is a Life fellow member of various professional bodies like I.E. (I), IWWA, IAH, etc. and executive committee member, and consultant to various organizations. His areas of interest are : Rural and Urban Water Supply Schemes, Risk and Reliability Assessment of Water Resource Systems, River and Soil Health, Water Quality Modeling and Monitoring in Distribution Networks, Water Sustainability, Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources, GHGs Emission from Water-bodies, Minimum Flow Requirements, Hydropower System Planning, and Application of Operations Research in various areas of water resources engineering, etc.



Venkataramana R. Sridhar, Ph.D., P.E

Assistant Professor
Virginia Tech


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Nitu Singh

Assistant Engineer
Uttarakhand Public Works Department


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394412 - A Study of Urban Water Supply System Resilience for the Capital City of Delhi (India)

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