Hydro-Climate Symposium

Oral

382429 - STOCHASTIC SIMULATION OF DAILY PRECIPITATION AT MULTIPLE SITES: I MODEL DEVELOPMENT

Thursday, June 7
8:30 AM - 10:00 AM
Location: Lake Superior B
Co-Authors: Umed Panu, Thunder Bay, ON, Canada – Lakehead University

Stochastic generation of daily precipitation at multiple sites is frequently needed to evaluate the long-term effects of hydrologic and climate-change that are crucial to the design and operation of agricultural and water resources systems. Capturing the spatial dependence of precipitation amounts and occurrences at multiple sites into a stochastic model represents a great challenge because non-normal probability distributions of precipitation-amounts are inapt to be described by a conventional measure of correlation. Without normalizing the precipitation amounts, many models have try to establish the spatial dependence through alternative methods that may be cumbersome. In contrast, representing precipitation as Gaussian fields provides a generic structure that is well-adapted in statistical analyses facilitating further implementations of models.

In this paper, weather generation models based on multivariate censored distribution (WG-MCD) and multivariate autoregressive censored process (WG-MACP) are developed for the generation of spatially and spatially-temporally dependent precipitation. Parameters of these models are estimated using the maximum likelihood method. To reduce the daily fluctuation and number of parameters, the elements of covariance matrices of the models are generalized by periodic functions. The performance of these models is evaluated in a sequel paper entitled “Stochastic Simulation of Daily Precipitation at Multiple Sites: II Performance Comparison of models”.

Wai Wah Ng, PhD

Postdoctoral Fellow
ESSP, University of North Dakota

Wai Wah (Wallace) Ng is a Postoctoral Fellow in the Department of Earth System Science & Policy at the University of North Dakota where he has been a faculty member since 2015. He completed his Ph.D. degree at the University of Manitoba, Master Degree at the University of Waterloo, and the Bachelor of Engineering degree at the Lakehead University in Canada. His research interests lie in the area of statistical hdyrology and water resources management.

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