Solid Waste Management (SWM) poses severe problems to the authorities of the city of Kerbala, one of the main tourism centers in Iraq. Due to the city’s limited funds it is crucial to evaluate the priorities for improvements in SWM services to tackle this problem efficiently. This paper employed Wasteaware benchmark indicators for integrated and sustainable solid waste management to evaluate the city SWM system performance. The data used in this evaluation were collected by in-depth interviews with the management authorities and field observations over two months in 2016. The outcomes showed that the SWM system in the city is weak. It therefore requires several improvements in physical infrastructure and management. Disposal and recycling were the highest priority to be improved among SWM physical components. While, in the management, the authority should have clear strategy for SWM and stakeholders such as public, private waste sector and informal waste collectors should be included in SWM planning to improve the management services. This study can provide a starting point for the city authorities to prioritise their actions to improve the current SWM system.
Keywords: Waste indicators, performance assessment, solid waste, integrated and sustainable waste management (ISWM), and Kerbala.
Rafid Alkhaddar– Head of the Department of Civil Engineering, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, England, United Kingdom
Head of the Department of Civil Engineering
Liverpool John Moores University
Liverpool, England, United Kingdom
Professor of Water and Environmental Engineering and Head of the Department of Civil Engineering, Liverpool John Moores University, Peter Jost Centre, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK.
Professor Alkhaddar has extensive experience in Water and Environmental Engineering, with special expertise in Wastewater Treatment methods. He graduated form the University of Basra, Iraq as a Civil Engineer and completed his MSc and PhD in Civil Engineering Hydraulics from the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK
He has maintained a very strong link with the UK Water and Environmental industry in order to stay involved with any new developments in the aforementioned fields. He also has excellent links with Professional bodies especially the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management (CIWEM) where he was the President of the Institution in 2015-16. He is also a Fellow of the Institution, on its Board of Trustees and an Honorary Vice President of the Institution.
He is currently the Head of the Department of Civil Engineering at LJMU where he manages over 20 staff and 500 students, who are on various courses such as HNC, BEng, MEng, MSc and PhD. The Department run fully accredited degrees by the Institution of Civil Engineers in the UK and he lead a number of these accreditations.
He has published over 120 publications in refereed journals and international conferences.
He has a number of International links which culminated of his appointment as a Visiting Professor to a number of International Universities in Turkey, Egypt and Iraq. He has also joined an International delegation to validate Civil and Environmental Engineering Programmes in the UK and internationally in Lithuanian and Saudi Universities.
He has managed to attract over £1.5 Million in research and consultancy funding since the year 2000.