Tsunami Impact on Wall
Evidence from past tsunamis showsfluid motion entraining a solid phase consisting of entrained debris, ranging from sediment grains to large vessels. In this context, debris impacts have been linked to major infrastructural damage. This experimental research investigates impact forces from multiple debris advected with a surge front onto a vertical structure. A comprehensive test program was conducted which included single debris testing as well as debris arrangements with up to 12 shipping containers, either placed normal or perpendicular to the approach flow. This work provides information as to when multiple impacts should be considered in the design process of buildings.