Tidal Salinity and Temperature
The Persian Gulf countries are the largest users of seawater-desalination, with over 50% of the world’s installed capacity. The rapid growth of population and industry from the abundant gas and oil energy motivated the development of desalination process in the Gulf. However, there are numerous environmental concerns which can destroy the ecosystem at or near the point of discharge of system. Due to the effects of climate change, the desalination has the potential to grow tremendously over next decades, as alternative water sources. To study this, a three-dimensional characterization of the Gulf has been developed using the DELFT3D-FLOW hydrodynamic model.