Track 2: Materials over Time: Points of Change

CS2.4 Masonry Constructions

10:30 AM - 12:00 PM
Location: BNCC- 101BG
CE: 1.5

In this session, presenters will describe their experiences with challenging projects that illustrate how building technology changes over time. The case studies include the Union Station Head House and R.C. Harris Water Treatment Plant, both located in Toronto, the Montreal Customs Building and New York’s Pierpont Morgan Library. The presenters will discuss the unusual materials and construction techniques that they encountered with these projects, and the innovative solutions that that they developed to address conservation challenges. We’ll hear about the lessons learned in preserving the materials of these iconic structures.

This course qualifies for HSW credit with AIA and RCEP.

Learning Objectives:


Frances Gale

University of Texas at Austin

Frances Gale is an architectural conservator with a Master of Science in historic preservation from Columbia University and over thirty-year’s experience in preserving historic buildings and monuments. Fran was a Senior Lecturer and Conservation Scientist at the University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture for 11years. Other positions have included Architectural Conservator and Training Director for the National Park Service and Director of Technical Services for AMT Laboratories and Prosoco, Inc. Fran’s recent consulting projects include Union Terminal in Cincinnati, the University of Virginia Rotunda, Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site in New York, and the Matagorda Island Lighthouse in Texas. Fran was elected to the Association for Preservation Technology International College of Fellows in 2010 and became a Fellow of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works in 2017.


Send Email for Frances Gale

Jennifer Schork

Senior Conservator
Integrated Conservation Resources, Inc.

Jennifer Schork is Senior Conservator with Integrated Conservation Resources, Inc. (ICR) where she designs, manages, and implements architectural conservation programs. A graduate of the Historic Preservation program of Columbia University, she has experience with building materials testing and analysis, hands-on treatment, and design-build project management. Ms. Schork is a Professional Associate of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works (AIC) and former chair emeritus of the Architectural Specialty Group of AIC.


Send Email for Jennifer Schork

Lena Buchinger, OAQ, APT

EVOQ architecture inc.

Lena Buchinger joined Montreal-based preservation firm EVOQ architecture in 2006. As a preservation architect, she has developed an extensive knowledge of traditional and early 20th century construction techniques and materials, particularly masonry, by participating in numerous building envelope assessments and envelope rehabilitation projects. She is skilled in analyzing and developing solutions that build consensus among multiple stakeholders.
Lena is very active in the preservation community. She sits on Montreal’s South-West Borough Advisory Planning Committee (CCU du Sud-Ouest) and is an active member of APT’s Quebec Chapter since 2014. As such, she was involved in planning training events for APT Quebec.


Send Email for Lena Buchinger

Charles Hazell, OAA, AANB, NSAA, FRAIC, CAHP

Taylor Hazell Architects Ltd

Charles Hazell co-founded Taylor Hazell Architects with Jill Taylor in 1992.

Charles’ portfolio includes projects both large and small in scale. Many of the sites are unusual, complex, and are in a state of transition. Projects include award-winning works in the cultural, judicial, educational and governmental sectors. Examples of his work include the conservation and adaptive reuse of Dundurn Castle, the transformation of the former Lakeshore Psychiatric Hospital into a campus for over 6,000 students, the conservation of the R.C. Harris Water Treatment Plant, and the Alderlea Heritage Estate and Conference Centre. Each work is a study in the pursuit of meaning and the power of architecture to inspire, reinvent and renew itself.

Integrated within this work is Charles’ interest in applying the expertise and resources of the firm to the service of understanding social, cultural and material science subjects. Examples of this work include research and design to create new clay masonry products, synthetic stone for the conservation industry, building envelope pre-fabrication and a range of environmental issues.

Charles served as architect and heritage specialist on the Toronto Design Review Panel from 2011–2014, and lectures and appears in media on subjects dealing with planning, conservation and design. He was awarded an RAIC Fellowship in 2014 and has won numerous awards for architecture, planning and building conservation.

-Casa Loma
-Whitney Block
-RC Harris Water Treatment Plant
-Manitoba Legislative Building
-Dundurn Castle and Conference Centre
-Legislative Assembly of Ontario
-Lebovic Centre for Arts and Entertainment
-Former Knox College, University of Toronto
-University College, University of Toronto
-Humber Library
-Humber College Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning
-Alderlea Heritage Estate
-Huronia Regional Centre
-St. Paul's Catholic Basilica
-Kingston Psychiatric Hospital
-Union Station
-Point Abino Lighthouse
-St. Lawrence Market South


Send Email for Charles Hazell

Hassan Saffarini, P.Eng., PhD, PMP, LEED AP BD+C

Manager, Structural Engineering
NORR Architects & Engineers Limited

Dr. Saffarini is the head of Structural Engineering at NORR A&E, Toronto. He is a graduate of Leeds University, UK with a Masters Degree and PhD from the University of California, Berkeley. He is a Professor of Civil Engineering and taught for over twenty five years in universities in the US, Middle East and Canada. He is currently an Adjunct Professor at Ryerson University. Hassan has many publications in international journals in the area of structural and earthquake engineering. He has a rich experience with restoration of heritage and archeological sites and served organizations like UNESCO and ACORE.


Send Email for Hassan Saffarini

Eric Therrien, OIQ

WSP Canada

Éric Therrien joined WSP in 2004 as a site supervisor and acts as a structural engineer since 2008. He has an extensive experience in concrete and masonry structures, mostly on heritage buildings.


Send Email for Eric Therrien


CS2.4 Masonry Constructions

Attendees who have favorited this

Please enter your access key

The asset you are trying to access is locked. Please enter your access key to unlock.

Send Email for CS2.4 Masonry Constructions