SPIE is an international not-for-profit scholarly society advancing optics and photonics research. The SPIE Digital Library includes conference proceedings, peer-reviewed journal articles, and eBooks from the areas of astronomy, biophotonics, nanotechnology, sensors, lasers, electro-optics, communications, imaging, and more. With more than 466,000 papers from must-attend industry events, the SPIE Digital Library publishes the latest breakthrough research–information not found anywhere else.
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