Equine/Large Animal

Orthopedic Complications

4:00 PM - 6:00 PM

Current information regarding the assessment and treatment of equine orthopedic complications, including ways to handle intraoperative orthopedic complications, postoperative orthopedic complications, management of long bone fracture repair complications, and management of arthroscopic complications.



Professor of Equine Surgery
University of Saskatchewan

James Carmalt MA, VetMB,MVetSc, PhD, FRCVS, DABVP(Eq), DAVDC(Eq), DACVSMR(Eq), DACVS-LA; Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Canada.

After graduating from the University of Cambridge in 1998, Dr. Carmalt did an internship in Large Animal Medicine at the Western College of Veterinary Medicine (WCVM), University of Saskatchewan. After working in general mixed practice (Tasmania, Australia) he returned for two back-to-back residencies in equine practice and large animal surgery. Dr. Carmalt then spent one year in Australia at an equine specialty practice focused on Thoroughbred broodmare and foal surgery. He returned to Canada in 2007 and joined the WCVM's Department of Large Animal Sciences where he is the director of the ACVS large animal surgery residency program. Dr. Carmalt travels extensively to work in private practices and academic institutions internationally. He has authored more than 80 peer-reviewed publications and has presented his research findings at more than two dozen international conferences. His main areas of research are equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID or Cushing's disease), equine dentistry (temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease) and evidence-based surgery.


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Chris E. Kawcak, PhD, DVM, DACVS, DACVSMR

Colorado State University

Chris Kawcak, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS & ACVSMR
Professor of Surgery and Director of Clinical Services
Orthopaedic Research Center
College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
Colorado State University

Clinical and research focus on diagnosis and treatment of orthopedic diseases in horses


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Dean Richardson, DVM, DACVS

University of Pennsylvania, New Bolton Center


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Lauren V. Schnabel, DVM, PhD, DACVS-LA, DACVSMR-Equine

Assistant Professor of Equine Orthopedic Surgery
North Carolina State University

Dr. Lauren Schnabel, DVM, Ph.D., Diplomate ACVS-LA, and Diplomate ACVSMR-Equine is an assistant professor of orthopedic surgery at North Carolina State University.

Dr. Schnabel grew up in New York where she enjoyed spending time around both sport horses and racehorses. After receiving her bachelor degree from Duke University, she attended Cornell University for her veterinary degree. She then completed an internship at Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital before returning to Cornell as a postdoctoral fellow in the Laboratories of Dr. Lisa Fortier and Dr. Alan Nixon where she performed research on tendon and ligament repair. Dr. Schnabel completed her surgical residency at Cornell from 2006-2009 and became a Diplomate of the ACVS in 2010. She then completed her Ph.D. with Dr. Fortier on the immunologic properties of stem cells.

Dr. Schnabel began her position at NC State in 2013 working in both the equine hospital and her research laboratory. She specializes in the use of regenerative therapies for the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries and has published and given lectures both nationally and internationally on platelet-rich plasma, bone marrow aspirate concentrate, and stem cells. In particular, her laboratory is focused on understanding the immunologic and immunomodulatory properties of mesenchymal stem cells. Such knowledge is critical for potential allogeneic “off the shelf” stem cell therapy which would allow us to treat patients at the time of diagnosis rather than having to wait several weeks to months to culture stem cells from that patient. Her laboratory is also actively investigating the novel use of platelet-rich plasma lysate for the treatment of infectious arthritis in collaboration with Dr. Tom Schaer at Penn Vet.

At NC State, Dr. Schnabel runs the Clinical Mesenchymal Stem Cell Culture Service and is developing the Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Service with Dr. Rich Redding and colleagues.


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Orthopedic Complications

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