China and Inner Asia

Organized Panel Session

3 - Building Beyond Oil: Daqing and the Formation of an Alternative Industrial Landscape in China

Friday, March 23
10:30 AM - 12:30 PM
Location: Thurgood Marshall West, Mezzanine

This paper studies the formation of an alternative industrial landscape in China during the 1960s and the 1970s, following the Great Famine and the discovery of oil in the Northeast. The Daqing Oil Field, a much publicized model of industrialization in the Mao era, had not only provided China with energy independence, but also contributed to the rise and fall of a planning model labelled as “integration of urban and rural”, “integration of industry and agriculture”. Daqing had maintained its housing standards that were similar to those of the local peasants, where decentralized villages composed of identical mud houses were indicative of an equal society, a new way of “industrialization without urbanization”. The two decades witnessed the emergence of numerous mining districts and factory complexes that statistically were not counted as cities and whose population were engaged in more than just mining and manufacturing. The state’s industrialization strategies were translated into unique urban patterns and built forms that have not only shaped the development path of the country but also the everyday lives of the individuals.

Li Hou

Tongji University, Not Applicable, China

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3 - Building Beyond Oil: Daqing and the Formation of an Alternative Industrial Landscape in China



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