Southeast Asia

Organized Panel Session

3 - Environmental Sustainability - A Key to Growth and Development in the Context of Climate Change for Cat Ba Island, Cat Hai District, Hai Phong City, Viet Nam

Friday, March 23
10:30 AM - 12:30 PM
Location: McKinley, Mezzanine Level

Cat Ba is the largest of the 367 islands in the Cat Ba Archipelago, on the southeastern edge of Ha Long Bay in Northern Vietnam.  Cat Ba has a wide variety of natural ecosystems and incredibly high rates of biodiversity. Cat Ba Island has roughly 13,000 inhabitants in six different communes, and nearly 3,000 in floating fishing villages. In 2016, its aquaculture production was around 1,000 tons and brought in hundreds of billions VND in income for local households. The island is also an impressive tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors per year. However, there is serious marine pollution from rapid urbanization, environmental problems and unplanned aquaculture.  Low public awareness and policy loopholes have contributed to the problem.  Thousands of tourists visit the island. Their ships, combined with hundreds of fishing boats and thousands of floating aquaculture cages, release waste of all kinds into the water and have caused serious pollution to the marine environment.  Environmental pollution has caused huge losses to hundreds of households dependent on aquaculture. Notably, the abuse of chemicals and antibiotics (including prohibited antibiotics) in aquaculture has risks that affect human health. One of the potential risks is antibiotic resistance for both aquaculturists, due to frequent exposure to antibiotics, and consumers of aquatic products containing antibiotic residue.  In the context of climate change, average temperature increases may lead to rising risks from environmental water pollution to  economic development in Cat Ba and to human health as well.

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3 - Environmental Sustainability - A Key to Growth and Development in the Context of Climate Change for Cat Ba Island, Cat Hai District, Hai Phong City, Viet Nam



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