China and Inner Asia

Organized Panel Session

96 - Mass Line, Mass Mobilization and Mass Campaigns in Mao’s China, 1949-1976

7/7/2018
8:30 AM - 10:00 AM
Location: Jacaranda II, First Floor

For twenty-seven years from 1949 to 1976, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) under Mao Zedong pursued a strategy of mass campaigns in its effort to modernize the Chinese economy while transforming Chinese society toward a socialist utopia. Rooted in the CCP’s experience during the civil wars in 1927-1937 and 1945-1949 and World War II, the strategy acquired new qualities and developed new characteristics as a powerful tool of the state. While the mass line was extolled as one of CCP’s “Three Treasures” during the war years, the results of the mass campaigns through mass mobilization in 1949-1976 were nevertheless mixed. The fifty-plus campaigns in the Maoist era either failed miserably or, when executed successfully, produced disasters and left deep scars on China’s physical, social, and cultural landscapes. Approaching the topic from different perspectives and through different cases during the Maoist era, the five papers on this panel aim to describe, dissect, and evaluate this national strategy of the CCP. Drawing on a large number of primary sources, this cross-disciplinary and international dialogue is expected to produce new ideas about this essential component of Chinese communism and its enduring impact on the Chinese nation.

Presentations:

Peng Deng

High Point University, United States

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Peng Deng

High Point University, United States

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Send Email for Xiaohong Zhou

Haiyan Zhou

Nanjing University, China

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Yuan Lu

Nanjing University, China

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Jie Shen

Nanjing University of Science and Technology, China

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Licheng Qian

Zhejiang University, China

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Hong Zhu

Nanjing University, China

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