China and Inner Asia

Organized Panel Session

80 - Islamic Revivalism in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century China

7/6/2018
4:30 PM - 6:00 PM
Location: Willow, First Floor

The nineteenth and twentieth centuries in the Islamic world were marked by a constellation of religious, political, social, and cultural movements in which Muslims attempted to reconcile Islam with modernity. Amid the turbulence of the late-Qing and Republican periods, influenced by their co-religionists across Asia and the Middle East, Muslims in China advocated a revival of an authentic Islam purged of corrupting Chinese cultural accretions and superstitions.


This panel brings together five perspectives on Islamic revivalism in eastern, central, and northwestern China and its links to both local social and political change and trans-Asian intellectual trends. Hannah Theaker examines how emerging currents of Islamic reformism within local Muslim communities transformed Gansu Muslim society after the Northwestern Muslim Rebellion. Jomo Smith investigates scriptural reform and economic cooperatives of the Xidaotang, a Sufi group that included Tibetans and Muslims from rival sects, in northwest China during the Republican era. Aaron Glasserman examines the development of the category “custom” in Chinese Islamic legal discourse in Henan, in relation to transnational Islamic intellectual currents and Chinese state projects of reform. Tatsuya Nakanishi demonstrates that Islamic reform in modern China evolved not only by adopting newer texts from the Middle East but also by re-evaluating the classics of the local tradition. Wlodzimierz Cieciura argues that Muslim elites in Eastern China were active in the revival of Muslim education, culture, and politics.


Together, these papers elucidate the diverse networks of the Islamic revivalism in China and understand its historical significance in global and local contexts.

Presentations:

Noriko Unno-Yamazaki

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan

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Aaron Glasserman

Columbia University, United States

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Leila Cherif-Chebbi

École des hautes études en sciences sociales, France

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Hannah Theaker

University of Oxford, United Kingdom

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Jomo Smith

University of Pittsburgh, United States

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Aaron Glasserman

Columbia University, United States

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Tatsuya Nakanishi

Kyoto University, Japan

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Leila Cherif-Chebbi

École des hautes études en sciences sociales, France

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Noriko Unno-Yamazaki

Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan

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