South Asia

Organized Panel Session

3 - Development, Civil Society and the State

Friday, July 6
12:10 PM - 1:40 PM
Location: Magnolia, Lower Ground Floor

The Indian state has followed the neoliberal strategy of development- the state is colluding with the corporate capital and trying to acquire land forcibly from the people, especially the marginalized communities like the Adivasi, in the resource-rich Scheduled Areas. This is particularly true in the case of the mineral resource-rich state of Odisha in Eastern India where currently the government is vigorously following the mining-led industrial development. It has resulted in strong local resistance in many parts of the state.

One such important area is Kashipur in the most backward region of the country- the KBK (undivided Koraput-Bolangir-Kalahandi) in western Odisha. Mining operations began in Kashipur in the early 90s by the bauxite mining and processing company, the Utkal Alumina International (UAIL). The UAIL mining project led to vocal opposition from the local communities. The state used repressive strategies to crush the voices of the local people and the company went ahead with its mining activities. People in this Adivasi region are making a bid to realize the rights and provisions of the Constitution. Adivasi and Dalit communities are standing up and demanding that the state treat them as human beings and allow them to exercise their rights as citizens of the country. Based on ethnographic research, this paper grapples with questions- what are the implications of such development process for the communities at the margin? Can there be an alternative development path?

Ambuja Kumar Tripathy

University of Delhi

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