South Asia

Organized Panel Session

4 - Electrifying the National Capital Region

Friday, July 6
10:20 AM - 11:50 AM
Location: Maple, Lower Ground Floor

India is in the throes of an urban transition, one of the largest in global history. The implications of this transition are many -- Indian cities will host 200 million more people in newly constructed infrastructure by 2030, mostly starting from a low base of development. A combination of residential growth, development needs, rising incomes, and government policy to provide uninterrupted electricity, is projected to increase electricity consumption five to six times between 2014 and 2030. The challenge of meeting the sheer scale of this demand in a sustainable manner poses unprecedented burdens on India’s urban areas. In this paper, we examine electricity demand in households in the context of the National Capital Region. Using survey results from nearly 5500 households, representative of the region’s population, we present new findings on energy services consumption. This is particularly useful in an otherwise data constraint literature on electricity use. In order to study the changing residential electricity patterns in the NCR, this paper focuses on three topics. One, what are the electricity services that households in the NCR most consume? Two, how is the ownership of appliances, to provide these services, changing with the ability of households to consume more? And three, what is the relationship between electricity provision and levels of other urban services offered in the NCR? Shedding light on these questions could help inform future demand estimates, the current ambiguity of which is a significant barrier to strategic energy planning, and help lock-in a low-carbon development path. 

Radhika Khosla

Centre for Policy Research, India

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