China and Inner Asia

Organized Panel Session

2 - Disciplining the Old-Styled Men: From Land Reform to Thought Reform

Saturday, July 7
8:30 AM - 10:00 AM
Location: Jacaranda II, First Floor

Right after the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the new regime launched a series of movements to transform the intellectuals who were educated in the “old society” into advocates of socialism, including the reform of the productive mode of knowledge, of the structure of social organization, and of the pattern of social interactions, for the purpose of “disciplining the old-styled men” and forcing them to identify with socialist values and ethics. At the beginning of the 1950s, the process of a normal reform was usually divided into two parts: mobilizing the intellectuals to join in land reform and implementing the so-called thought reform on the very basis. In view of that, this paper intends to conduct an in-depth research on the mode of reforms oriented towards old-styled intellectuals and their responses on the ground of two unpublished diaries, one from Professor Ke Xiangfeng, the dean of the Department of Sociology at the University of Nanking, and the other from Pan Junzhen, a new college graduate and Ke’s future son-in-law. Ke and Pan’s reaction represents the attitudes held by two generations of “old-styled intellectuals” towards the new regime.


 


Keywords: Land Reform; Thought Reform; Intellectuals; Discipline  

Yuan Lu

Nanjing University, China

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