China and Inner Asia

Organized Panel Session

1 - From 1951 to 1958: the Impetus for Agricultural Collectivization——Investigating Social mobilization from the Perspective of State-Society Relations

Saturday, July 7
8:30 AM - 10:00 AM
Location: Jacaranda II, First Floor

Between 1951 and 1958, agriculture collectivization has been carried out in rural China. Mao’s will of ending the small-scale peasant economy came true through building cooperating organizations, developed from the original form as a mutual aid team to people’s communes. Social mobilization was carried out widely in rural China under Chinese Communist Party and the state in order to achieve collectivization. Social mobilization motivated peasants to join the organization by offering agriculture debts, new farming instruments and good seeds to the organizations. In the meantime, big political pressure was airing through social resource control and management, such as delimitating class, attaching tags of activist or its opposite to people, and grouping the sequences of people joining the organization. The paper states that the Communist Party and the state controlled the scarce resources which combined with peasants’ interest through strong propaganda and mobilization technique.  So the success of wide social mobilization in collectivization was based on the perfect power network of them.


 


Keywords: agriculture collectivization, state and society, social mobilization

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1 - From 1951 to 1958: the Impetus for Agricultural Collectivization——Investigating Social mobilization from the Perspective of State-Society Relations



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