Northeast Asia

Organized Panel Session

4 - Indian Philosophy as Projected in Kitamura Tōkoku’s Naibuseimeiron

Friday, July 6
4:30 PM - 6:00 PM
Location: Gulmohar, First Floor

Kitamura Tōkoku was a major literary figure in the Meiji Era. Tōkoku’s literary career can be seen to be in continuous pursuit of a religion that will bind a common man directly to the Supreme Consciousness, which can make him realize his individual inner identity. In his this pursuit, the influence of Indian philosophical theories could be seen that he might have consciously or unconsciously inculcated while he was deep in the study of Emerson who could never part himself from Hindu scriptures and philosophical ideologies throughout his life. The concept of prakriti (nature) and purush (spirit) that is the crux of Sankhya philosophy can be said to have influenced Emersonian idea of Nature and spirit. Later on it has been incorporated into Tokoku’s naibuseimeiron and many other essays as zōka (nature) and seimei (life). Simultaneously, Tōkoku’s literary pieces could be said to have been influenced by the philosophy of Advaita as his emphasis throughout all his literary pieces was centered on the ideal premise of fundamental oneness of all things, i.e., God, man and nature. This union was his justification of the presence of an all-pervasive universal consciousness in every individual ones.

Arpita Paul

Jawaharlal Nehru University, India

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4 - Indian Philosophy as Projected in Kitamura Tōkoku’s Naibuseimeiron



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