Northeast Asia

Organized Panel Session

1 - Reclamation: State 'Frontier Group' Projects and the Making of a "Cheerful Society" in High Modernist Seoul, 1961-1971

Friday, July 6
10:20 AM - 11:50 AM
Location: Chinar, First Floor

In 1961 Park Jung Hee who succeeded in a coup proclaimed national reconstruction and economic revival of South Korea, which was followed by burgeoning ‘Frontier Groups’. Based on the model of Manchurian Pioneering Group during the Japanese colonial period, Park’s government launched various frontier groups and mobilized ‘surplus people’ to dispatch into either undeveloped mountains or coastal areas for land reclamation. The booming of reclamation resonated with the ‘National Reconstruction’ and ‘Cheerful Society Construction’ propagandas of Park’s government. They aimed at making both high modernist state and docile citizens through the reconstruction at all societal levels.


The over-population and capital deficiency in the after-war capital Seoul generated lots of ‘surplus people’, such as junkmen, street juveniles, homeless, orphans, gangsters, prostitutes, who could not fit in the state ruling strategy and might threaten the illegitimate military regime. Accordingly, the Park’s military junta displaced and relocated them to unsettled remote areas under the name of ‘Frontier Group’. In doing so, the junta intended the ‘expulsion’ of potentially rebellious people from the capital as well as the reclamation of both peripheral territories and surplus nation.


In this context, this presentation discusses the dynamic relations of state-led reclamation projects in peripheral territories in the process of making modern capital by examining the case of frontier groups in the 1960s Korea. 

Send Email for Hyang A Lee


Assets

1 - Reclamation: State 'Frontier Group' Projects and the Making of a "Cheerful Society" in High Modernist Seoul, 1961-1971



Attendees who have favorited this

Please enter your access key

The asset you are trying to access is locked. Please enter your access key to unlock.

Send Email for Reclamation: State 'Frontier Group' Projects and the Making of a "Cheerful Society" in High Modernist Seoul, 1961-1971