South Asia

Organized Panel Session

1 - Changing Patriarchies in Punjab after 1984: Religion, Identity and Violence

Friday, July 6
4:30 PM - 6:00 PM
Location: Tamarind, New Building

In this paper, I examine the shifting nature of patriarchy and gender in Punjab through the 1980s and into the 1990s and in relation to the state’s counterinsurgency policies and practices. I examine this patriarchal power at different scales, as it is exercised at the level of the nation and the state, the family, and communities and in the making of masculinities and femininities. In doing so, I suggest that state power, religious authority, patriarchy, and gender all operate in mobile, shifting and unbounded ways. In particular, I note how hegemonic religious identities do not capture all religious practices and communities, and how these framings leave out the particularities and history of what Indrani Chatterjee has called “monastic orders,” which in Punjab remain powerful through deras, gurus, and babas as spiritual and political authorities. Evidence from fieldwork among women in Punjab reveal the complex and changing intersections of culture, gender and religion.

Inderpal Grewal

Yale University, United States

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