Inter-area/Border Crossing

Organized Panel Session

3 - Reinforced Compulsory Development: An Aspect of Land Acquisition in India and China

Saturday, July 7
10:20 AM - 11:50 AM
Location: Kadamba, Lower Ground Floor

Land acquisition is a mandated compulsory power. It disregards the willingness of the land owners/holders, and subsequently grabs their land by the name of public benefits. Normally, several legal and policy safeguards must be applied in order to keep the balance between the property right and public benefits, and to reduce the extend and the feeling of compulsion. However, in some developing societies, like India and China, during their surging economic take-off period, the compulsion caused by the land acquisition has been reinforced in many cases. This paper looks into the reasons why land acquisition turns more compulsory and an inclusive development fails to be accomplished in some cases of land acquisition in both countries. The comparative analysis finds that several factors contribute to the difficulties of a smooth land acquisition, including the changing political, social and economic status in the rapid growing societies, the backwardness of the existing land institutions, and the impetuous state desiring for rapid growth, etc. However, the most significant variable is the state-society interaction model. When state and society enter a confrontation situation, losing trust in each other, disregarding other side’s legality respectively, and behaving in a more opportunistic way, a deadlock inevitably arises. The state reinforces its compulsory power with various resources, while the stake-holders from society, in turn, respond furiously or even violently. Consequently, a zero-sum game emerges, as either projects have to be abandoned or the state has to resort to more violent suppression, both of which violate the ideal of inclusive development.

Yinghong Huang

Sun Yat-Sen University, United States

Presentation(s):

Send Email for Yinghong Huang


Assets

3 - Reinforced Compulsory Development: An Aspect of Land Acquisition in India and China



Attendees who have favorited this

Please enter your access key

The asset you are trying to access is locked. Please enter your access key to unlock.

Send Email for Reinforced Compulsory Development: An Aspect of Land Acquisition in India and China