China and Inner Asia

Organized Panel Session

3 - The Mongolian Kazakh Society Is Getting Globalized While Becoming More Nationalized, Simultaneously

Friday, July 6
8:30 AM - 10:00 AM
Location: Chinar, First Floor

Mongolians with "nomadic" traditions lived in "socialism" for 70 years since the 1920s. At this time, modern urbanization was created in Mongolia and rural "herding" citizens became "new citizens" with culture. Unfortunately, religious practices are strictly prohibited. In the 1990's, Mongolia became a "democratic" country and moved to the market economy. As a result, herders became freer and "urbanization" was intensified. Herders are increasingly attracted to free market competition.


Since the 90's, national consciousness recovered strongly, and ethnic groups emphasized their nationality. Along with "Khalkh-jikh" (nationalization), the reverse process of escaping from it began. It is clearly seen from the Kazakhs in Mongolia.


Since the 90's, about 60,000 Mongolian Kazakhs migrated from Mongolia to Kazakhstan after its independence. During this process, their culture, custom, and religion were globalized. It affected the Kazakh society in Mongolia to revive.


At the same time, Mongolian Kazakh "Orthodonts", especially the Kazakh migrants, began to pay more attention to the advantages of "Mongolian" and to focus on "herder culture" in rural areas.


On the other hand, the Mongolian Kazakh society introduced ethnical Kazakh culture of Mongolia and highlighted Mongolia's Kazakh cultural identity. By doing so, it opens up opportunities to be competitive in the global marketplace. The typical example is an “Eagle girl” of the Mongolian Citizen from the Mongolian Kazakh society. She violated the Kazakh customs that eagles should be caught by men only, however, Kazakhs are entering the market competition and now Mongolian Kazakh eagle culture is transforming into "cultural heritage" and national brand.

Battulga Sukhee

National University of Mongolia, Mongolia

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3 - The Mongolian Kazakh Society Is Getting Globalized While Becoming More Nationalized, Simultaneously



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