Poster Presentation

Poster Presentation

PR45 - Predictive Values of Patient’s Psychological Status to Determine Postoperative Pain

Thursday, April 26
10:00 AM - 1:00 PM
Room: Exhibit Hall

It has been reported that 3% to 12% of patients develop chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) after dental surgery. Several psychological risk factors are known to predict poorly controlled and persistent pain after surgery, including anxiety, depression and pain catastrophizing. We therefore hypothesize that indicators of a patient’s psychological status may contribute to the risk for CPSP in patients undergoing osseous dental surgery. Objectives: Using data collected from a pilot study on 150 patients we will determine the frequency of clinically meaningful depression, anxiety, and catastrophizing reported in a pre-surgical population. Methods: Prior to surgery, subjects complete well-validated questionnaires to identify patients with significant anxiety, depression and pain catastrophizing tendencies using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS). Results: This interim assessment of 15 patients found that 20% of surgery patients are at high risk of catastrophizing. Further, 20% also were identified as high clinical anxiety and 13.33% high clinical depression rate prior to dental osseous surgery. We will report the most up to data from this ongoing study, and identify any relationship between high catastrophizing, anxiety, and depression on CPSP. Conclusion: It appears that a significant percentage of patients catastrophize and have high anxiety and depression prior to dental osseous surgery. Through further investigation, we will be able to determine the contribution of these risk factors to poor pain recovery after surgery, so that in the future interventions may be implemented to ameliorate psychological symptoms pre-operatively.

Abdulmajeed S. Alshahrani

Endodontic Resident
New York University College of Dentistry

Dr. Abdulmajeed S. Alshahrani is a first year endodontic resident at NYU college of Dentistry. He received his BDS Degree in 2012 followed by a one-year comprehensive residency program from King Khalid University college of Dentistry, Saudi Arabia. He then went on to work as a demonstrator in the Endodontic department at Najran University, college of dentistry, Saudi Arabia until he was accepted in to NYU’s Endodontic Program for International Dentists for one year graduating in 2015. Then he joined a Master of clinical research program in NYU College of Dentistry and graduated at the end of 2016 where he became proficient in CBCT use and investigated human root canal morphology. Currently, Dr. Alshahrani’s primary research focus is endodontic and orofacial pain although he is using his expertise in biomaterials to study root fractures.

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Christopher MICHAEL.. Schiller

Endodontic Resident
New York University College of Dentistry

Dr. Schiller received his dental degree from NYU and his M.S. from the Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, where he concentrated his studies in molecular biology and immunology. During his 4 years of dental school he focused on understanding the signaling pathways of pulp stem cells, and was awarded the 2015 ADA DENTSPLY Student Clinician Research Award. For his many contributions and academic excellence, Dr. Schiller has been presented with the American Association of Endodontics Award and American Association of Oral Biologists Award. He is a past president of the American Student Dental Association NYU chapter. Dr. Schiller’s current research interests lie in understanding the neurobiological mechanisms of orofacial pain related to dental surgery.

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Ramin Rahmani

4th year Dental Student
New York University College of Dentistry

RAMIN RAHMANI is currently a student at New York University College of Dentistry, Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS), June 2018. He graduated from York University, Toronto Bachelor of Life Sciences, May 2013. Rhamani is a Member of Endodontic Honors program in NYU college of Dentistry. His Community Leadership and Service in Toronto General Hospital Toronto, ON : volunteering in 2 different sections: Dialysis Clinic, Red Blood Cell Clinic. Professional Leadership and Service served as President of Persian Student Dental Association at NYU College of Dentistry And Vice President of York University Dental Association. His research interest in both pulp biology and CBCT studies.

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Riyadh Alroomy

Endodontic Resident
New York University College of Dentistry

Dr. Riyadh M. Alroomy is a second year endodontic resident at NYU college of Dentistry. He received his BDS Degree in 2011 followed by a one-year internship program from King Saud University, College of Dentistry, Saudi Arabia. After that he worked as a teaching assistant in the endodontic department at Almajmaah University, College of Dentistry, Saudi Arabia. He completed a one-year fellowship in endodontics for international dentists in NYU College of Dentistry. Then, he joined a Master of clinical research program in NYU College of Dentistry (in progress). Currently, Dr. Alroomy’s research focus is in chronic endodontic pain, anxiety effect in endodontic and rare teeth morphology.

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Sharon Casey

Project coordinator
New York University College of Dentistry

Sharon Casey is completing her Master’s in Clinical Research at NYU College of Dentistry and is the project coordinator. She is currently the project manager of multiple research projects at NYU College of Dentistry.

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Jennifer Gibbs

Assistant Professor
New York University College of Dentistry

Dr. Gibbs received her dental degree and her Ph.D. in Pharmacology from the University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio. She then completed a certificate in Endodontics and an M.A.S. in Clinical Research from the University of California San Francisco, as well as a postdoctoral training period. She is now a full time Assistant Professor at New York University.

Dr. Gibbs heads a translational research group focused on understanding the neurobiological mechanisms of orofacial pain with a focus on the nociceptors of the dental pulp. She teaches clinically in the postgraduate Endodontic Program and lectures to both post-graduate and pre-doctoral students. Dr. Gibbs is active in the Faculty Practice at NYU. She is a past Educator Fellow of the American Association of Endodontics and past president of the Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutics Group of the IADR.

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