Category: Tuesday Poster Session

P1997 - Successful Resuscitation of Choking Victims Using a Lifevac, a Non-powered Portable Suction Device: Real World Experience

Tuesday, Oct 17
10:30 AM – 4:30 PM

Award: 2017 Presidential Poster Award

Category: Esophagus       Sub-Category: Clinical Vignettes/Case Reports

Lisa Lih-Brody, MD, FACG1, Amy Benenson, BS2, Rashawn Chin, PA-C1
1ProHealth Care Associates, Lake Success, NY; 2Huntington, NY
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Choking is a leading cause of accidental death worldwide and in the Uited States. Patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia are at a high risk for aspiration of food and thus, choking. Although there have been great technological advances, currently, there is no approved device to assist in the resuscitation of a choking victim when abdominal thrusts fail. Recently, a portable, non powered suction device called Lifevac has been developed and introduced globally . This device consists of a one way valve and a plunger attached to a standard face mask. When the plunger is pushed down, air escapes out the sides of the valve and not into the victims airway; when the plunger is pulled back, negative pressure is generated and it suctions out the lodged material. Here we report several real-life cases in which this apparatus has been successfully used to resuscitate a choking victim.

A care home in Wales obtained several Lifevac devices for their residents. During lunch, a resident of this care home began choking on a piece of meat, lost consciousness, began turning blue. A nurse in the home attempted usual methods of assistance without any success. Therefore, the Lifevac device was used according to directions, and with one pull, the meat piece was dislodged. A physician was then called. the physician examined the patient and noted no adverse effects. Additionally, no further intervention was required. The same care home reported that 1 week later, another patient suffered a similar episode and the device was again successfully used to dislodge a meat piece through suctioning into the unit.

In addition, a Lifevac device was obtained by a family in Idaho and was kept at home in case of a choking emergency. On April 23, 2017, a woman in her late 60s with no underlying medical condition began choking at the dinner table on a meat piece. She was unable to speak and was wheezing. Her son unsuccessfully attempted the Heimlich maneuver; thus the Lifevac device was used as per instructions, and with one pull the meat piece was dislodged into her mouth. She did not require further medical attention.

These dramatic real-life case reports demonstrate the utility of this non powered suction device. Certainly, these testimonials show that lives were saved and major morbidity and mortality avoided. Further studies are urgently needed as there is a need for such a suction device when abdominal thrusts fail to address choking.

Supported by Industry Grant: No

Citation: . SUCCESSFUL RESUSCITATION OF CHOKING VICTIMS USING A LIFEVAC, A NON-POWERED PORTABLE SUCTION DEVICE: REAL WORLD EXPERIENCE. Program No. P1997. World Congress of Gastroenterology at ACG2017 Meeting Abstracts. Orlando, FL: American College of Gastroenterology.

Lisa Lih-Brody

ProHealth Care Associates
Lake Success, New York