Session 14: In Lieu Fee, Mitigation Options

a) Use of an In-lieu Fee Program for Impacts to Habitat for the Endangered Atlantic Salmon

Friday, May 12
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Location: Room 308

Many of the rivers in Maine provide current or potential habitat for the endangered Atlantic Salmon. Many existing stream crossings preclude fish passage for all or part of the year. Some new and modified crossings are unable to provide 100% passage because of construction constraints, topography in relation to the road, costs, etc. The vast majority of these projects require authorization by the Corps of Engineers under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and there may be adverse impacts to salmon for which the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and/or National Marine Fishery Service and the State of Maine would like compensation in the form of replacing undersized or hanging culverts or providing some other form of habitat enhancement. An in-lieu fee program using an RFP process provides a means of compensating for these individually small but cumulatively large impacts.

Ruth M. Ladd

Chief, Policy & Technical Support Branch
New England District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Ruth Ladd has been with the Corps of Engineers, New England District, since 1991. She is Chief of the Policy and Technical Support Branch in the Regulatory Division. She manages a diverse group of scientists and administrative staff who serve as ‘consultants’ to the project managers processing permits and handling enforcement in the Regulatory Division. The group includes marine scientists, wetland scientists, and policy specialists. In addition to managing the branch, Ruth is the Third Party Mitigation Program Manager and administers five state-wide In-lieu Fee programs and one umbrella mitigation bank. Training of staff and others is another part of her responsibilities.

Ruth attended Connecticut College for her B.A. in Zoology and UMass-Lowell for her M.S. in Environmental Science. She has a Certificate in Native Plant Studies from the New England Wild Flower Society, and is a member of the Society of Wetland Scientists and the Association of Massachusetts Wetland Scientists. In her spare time, she is a puppyraiser for Guiding Eyes for the Blind.


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Joe Hankins

Vice President
The Conservation Fund

oe joined The Conservation Fund in 1992 to develop aquaculture, sustainable rural economic development and technology outreach in Appalachia. Today he leads an internationally recognized research and consulting program focused on water reuse technology in food production. He is known for bringing a biologist’s eye and an entrepreneur’s passion to the modern issues in conservation.

In addition to his work at the Freshwater Institute, Joe serves as an Officer of the Natural Capital Investment Fund. He is active in local and regional work-groups focused on the strategic importance of water, community water infrastructure planning, and life cycle assessment.
Joe holds an M.S. in Environmental Biology from Hood College and a B.S. in General Science from Purdue University.


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a) Use of an In-lieu Fee Program for Impacts to Habitat for the Endangered Atlantic Salmon


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Send Email for a) Use of an In-lieu Fee Program for Impacts to Habitat for the Endangered Atlantic Salmon