Program Session

4 - Advancing a Librarian’s Role in a Rapid Review: Data Screening

Monday, May 29
11:20 AM - 11:35 AM
Room: 607

To describe a pilot project where two health science librarians explored a new role by performing data screening after retrieving and managing literature search results in a rapid review project led by the clinicians in the Trauma Department of Presbyterian Hospital at the University of Pennsylvania.

Rapid review (RR) is an emerging methodology addressing the demands of policymakers, decision makers and clinicians who often require timely access to resources that succinctly and methodically synthesize evidence to inform their decisions. It may be driven by clinical urgency or may be determined by limited time and resources to conduct full SRs.
A one-clinician-centered team aimed to develop a program to improve patient care in the Trauma Department based on a RR. With limited time and staff resources, they strongly desired that librarians contribute as much as possible in generating the RR.
Considering the patrons’ special need, the librarians advanced their traditional role of retrieving literature from databases in a systematic review project and performed the data screening for the clinicians. Abstrackr, a data screening tool, was employed in this pilot project.


There were 1677 records related to the topic of mental health issues among gunshot wounded civilians retrieved from multiple databases searches. They were exported to EndNote for deduplication and 1049 records were exported to Abstrackr. In Abstrackr, a set of 500 records in a randomized order was set up for screening. The titles and abstracts of the records were screened. The prediction of relevancy or irrelevancy was provided to the unscreened 549 records. The results with p value were downloaded for further examination. Measurement of efficiency and accuracy of Abstrackr was performed.

Librarians can advance our role in literature searching to literature screening in rapid review projects.  Tools such as Abstrackr can be adopted to facilitate the process. The experiment revealed that Abstrackr enhanced the efficiency in saving time and reducing workload, and reached reasonable prediction.  

Keywords: Data screening, data screen, literature screening, data screening tool, librarians’ role, rapid review, systematic review, abstrackr, 

Program Session

Maylene (Kefeng ) Qiu

Systematic Review Coordinator and Clinical Liaison Librarian
Biomedical Library, University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA

Maylene Kefeng Qiu, MS, AHIP, currently works as a Systematic Reivew Coordinator and Evidence-Based Healthcare and Clinical Liaison Librarian at the Biomedical Library, University of Pennsylvania. She developed and leads the systematic review services at the Health Sciences Libraries. Her interest is in the future information automation field.


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Melanie E. Cedrone

Collections & Information Services Librarian
Biomedical Library
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


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Yong Chen


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Yu-Lun Liu


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Jonathan R. Treadwell


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4 - Advancing a Librarian’s Role in a Rapid Review: Data Screening

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