Program Session

5 - iPad Innovations During Clinical Rotations from Seven Medical Schools in the United States: Lessons Learned

Monday, May 29
2:05 PM - 2:20 PM
Room: 603

Objectives: To identify the uses and limitations of mobile technology in the clinical undergraduate medical education curriculum, and guide medical schools in implementing iPad programs into their curriculum.

Methods: Since 2010, many US medical schools have introduced the use of mobile technology into their curriculum. Preclinical use of mobile technologies has been well studied, but use in the clinical years has been less explored. Semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with key personnel at seven US medical schools selected as having established mobile iPad technology, programs, and published content indicating iPad implementation in the clinical years. The key personnel interviewed included a Library Director, a Dean of Curriculum, and an Associate Dean of a medical school. Purposeful sampling was used to select medical school participants based on a comprehensive literature review. The strategy for analyzing the data consisted of transcribing the interview dialog, reading and reviewing this material to identify general themes, and then categorizing the data using a constant comparative method.

Results: Analysis of the interviews identified seven major themes: (1) goals, (2) teaching and learning, (3) EHR access, (4) culture, (5) benefits, (6) barriers, and (7) suggestions for implementation. Using these major themes, eight ‘‘best practices’’ for introducing mobile technology in the clinical years were identified: (1) plan before implementation, (2) define focused goals, (3) establish a tablet ‘‘culture,’’ (4) recruit appropriate implementation team, (5) invest in training, (6) involve students in mentoring, (7) accept variable use, and (8) encourage innovation.

Conclusion: There is growing interest in using mobile technology for teaching and learning in the clinical curriculum. Following the identified best practices may assist schools with integrating technology into the curriculum and better prepare medical students to manage increasing clinical use of technology.

Keywords: iPads; medical school; medical school curriculum; mobile technology; technology integration; clinical rotations; tablets



Program Session

Julie K. Gaines

Associate Professor; Head of the Medical Partnership Library
Augusta Univ/Univ of Georgia Medical Partnership
Athens, GA

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Kalie Deutsch

OB/GYN Resident
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

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Janette R. Hill

Professor of Education
UGA College of Education
Athens, Georgia

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Michelle A. Nuss

Campus Dean; Professor of Medicine and Psychiatry
Augusta Univ/Univ of Georgia Medical Partnership
Athens, Georgia

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