Objectives: The objective was to determine if teaching the basics of evidence-based practice to non-health sciences librarians could increase their confidence, comfort, and ability when helping students with health-related research questions.
Methods: The health sciences librarian located at a satellite campus developed a flipped instruction program to help the non-health sciences librarians understand basic principles associated with evidence-based practice. The main campus librarians were asked to watch 3 narrated PowerPoints/screencasts, read brief articles, and then take a quiz to assess their learning. The health sciences librarian then taught a two-hour, face-to-face instruction session with mostly hands-on activities and discussions. Both portions of the instruction focused on developing research questions via PICO, determining the level of evidence needed, and how to search for high-level evidence.
The librarians who participated in the both the flipped and live portions of the instruction were assessed with a knowledge survey one week following the instruction, and again three months following the instruction.
Results: Three months following the training, the post-test indicated positive changes in knowledge and attitudes in issues related to EBP in the non-health sciences librarians. All librarians correctly identified Cochrane as a source for high-level evidence in the post-test versus only 53% in the pre-test. Only half of the librarians identified meta-analyses as the highest level of research in the pre-test, but all answered the question correctly in the post-test. Comfort in working with EBP topics also improved. Only 14% of the respondents indicated that they felt they could help a student build a question using PICOT(T) prior to the training, which improved to 56% following the training. Only 14% of the librarians knew how to locate systematic reviews in the pre-test, but following the training that number increased to 100%.
Conclusion: The librarians who took part in the evidence-based practice for non-health sciences librarians training reported increased confidence in helping students with health sciences questions. The post-training assessments found increased knowledge of basic evidence-based principles, even months after the instruction session.
Keywords: EBP, evidence-based practice, flipped instruction
Health Sciences Librarian
Idaho State University
Molly Montgomery is the Health Sciences Librarian at Idaho State University's satellite campus just outside Boise, Idaho. She supports all health sciences programs at the university as well as the students and faculty at the distance campus. Molly is working on filling in her librarian positions punchcard in that she has worked for a public library, a non-profit organization library, a hospital library, an academic library, and is now sharing a space inside a high school library.
Molly became interested in the instructional side of librarianship when she was tasked with creating and teaching an online, 3-credit information literacy course which she has now taught for the last three years.
Sunday, May 28
4:05 PM – 4:20 PM
The asset you are trying to access is locked. Please enter your access key to unlock.