Water Resources Planning and Management
Northern Collector Tunnel project phase I aims to transfer surface water mainly run-off from three rivers within the Aberdare Ranges in Mount Kenya region to existing Ndakaini reservoir so as to increase the production capacity by 140,000m3/day with 84% reliability. This will improve water supply to the capital city of Nairobi which has a current deficient of 125,000m3/day. The project though well awaited in the City, the resident community posed demands that derailed the project for several months on the advent of project development, citing cultural and social issues and community benefits from the projects.
The resulting strategies were inclusion of political arm, legislative consideration and ceding some funds to support community social services, pointing to accrued benefits already enjoyed by the community from existing reservoir and water treatment plant. The revision of environmental and social study brought insight of community conflicts, political interests and constitution collisions that may derail or hinter implementation of water resources programmes. The paper outlines in-depth challenges the project exhibited, management strategies employed, and variations made to its implementation. This serves as a typical case likely to be encountered in water planning and implementation in developing countries.
Nairobi City Water and Sewerage Company