Climate Change and Climate Variability
China, as a larger developing country in the world, in facing to bigger challenges than before on wisely managing water resources to support rapidly socio-economic development in 2020 and beyond. This presentation will focus on two issues: (1) how to screening climate changes impact to water sector, and how to quantify water resource vulnerability related to impact of climate change and human activity ? (2) how to take adaptation & wisely manage water to changing environment on existing water projects and new water programme & water policy in China? A screening process for climate impact to water sector in North China was proposed. A new study on quantifying water resource vulnerability, based on three practical and workable, i.e., the use to availability ratio, water crowding and per capita water use, were developed. Four case studies in China are given as explanation of this study. The concept on good water governance was discussed. It was shown that: (1) climate change and human activity are two big issues to water sustainable use. Science & technology will play a key role on understanding & reduce risk; (2) Water policy, in China will had to shift from water quantity management into water quality management, and water supply management into water demand management. Improving Water Governance will be a priority on climate change adaptation.
Key Words: Water Resource, Vulnerability, Adaptation, environment change, China
Chair Professor and Director
Wuhan University, China
Prof. Jun Xia is the Chair Professor & Director, The Research Institute for Water Security (RIWS), Wuhan University, also Distinguished Professor, Key Lab. of Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Processes, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). He has ample experiences on leading eco-hydrology, water resources research, managing and consulting jobs in China and international activities since 1987. He was severed as the President of International Water Resources Association (IWRA, 2009-2012), Vice President of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS, 2004-2007), Board Governor of World Water Council (WWC, 2009-2015), and Co-Chair, InterAcademy Council for Water Programme (IAC-WP), Co-Chair, China-Australia Center on Water Resources Research, and the member of Scientific Steering Committee for Global Water System Project (GWSP-SSC), Associated Editor, Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, ASCE and so on. Recently, he was appointed by IAHS President as Honorary Vice-President of IAHS, and Chair of the Working Group on Representation of Developing Countries (WGRDC) for IAHS, 2015-2019. He was awarded by “The International Prize for Outstanding Contributions to Water Management”, given by The Third World Centre for Water Management on October, 2011, and also awarded “2014’s International Hydrological Prize -Volker Medal”, given by IAHS, UNESCO and WMO on April 24, 2014.
Wednesday, January 4
9:15 AM – 10:15 AM