ICC Programming

Mining

6610.3 - Mapping of the dilemma of Mining against forests and conservation in the Lom and Djérem Division-Cameroon.

Thursday, July 6
3:30 PM - 3:50 PM
Location: Coolidge

Mining has been conducted and practiced in Cameroon since colonial period. The artisanal mining sector before independence contributed to 11-20% of GDP. The rich potential of the Cameroonian subsoil attract many foreign investors with over 600 research and mining permits already granted during the last decade. But Cameroon's forests also have a long history from the colonial period to the present. This story ended with the adoption of a new forestry law that has devoted the concepts of sustainable management of forests through forest management plans and council forests for all productive forests; without forgetting the creation of community forest for non-permanent forest domain. However, mining activities in forest environments are governed by two different legal frameworks, including mining code i.e Law No. 001 of 16 April 2001 organizing the mining industry and Law No. 94-01 of 20 January 1994 governing forests, wildlife and fisheries. Therefore, in the absence of detailed studies of these laws, there are conflicts of interests, rights and obligations that overlap, requiring research needs and taking appropriate decisions.


The objective of this research in the Lom and Djérem division is to study, apart from the proliferation of mining permits and actors, the dilemma as well as the impact of the extension of mining activities on the degradation of forest cover. We succeed in mapping this dynamic by studying the superposition of different forms of land use (mining permits, FMU and protected areas of permanent forest estate) and to highlight paradoxically the conflict of land use relating thereto which will be aggravated by the impoundment of the Lom Pangar hydroelectric dam.


Using geospatial tools through multi-temporal and multisensor satellite images (Landsat from 1976 to 2015, IKONOS, GEOEYE, Google Earth) coupled with field investigations, we came to the conclusion that the rhythm of issuing mining permits and authorizations in this Cameroon forestal zone, is so fast that one can wonder whether we still find a patch of forest within 50 years. Indeed, alongside the farming activities, poaching, logging, mining also impacted on the degradation of forest ecosystems, deforestation, river pollution and certainly jeopardizes the protection efforts on forest of high biodiversity conservation value.


Keywords: Betare Oya, deforestation, mining, Lom and Djerem, gold.

Tchindjang Mesmin

Professor
University of Yaounde I

Pr TCHINDJANG Mesmin holds a PhD thesis in geomorphology, surface dynamic and natural hazards, obtained at the University of Paris 7 in 1996. In 2012, he successfully defends in the same University his Habilitation to supervise research (HDR) on the theme: Paradoxes and risks in high Cameroon Highlands: natural multifunctionality and poor human enhancement. He set up in 2005, the professional MASTER Study on Environmental Impacts Assessment. His interests and specialization fields are related to geomorphology, natural hazards, environmental assessments, landscape resilience, climate changes, mapping and land uses. He is currently Scientific Coordinator of the Global Mapping and Environmental Monitoring (GMEM)

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Lucia Lovison-Golob

Geospatial Director
Afriterra Foundation

Dr. Lucia Lovison-Golob is the Geospatial Director and Librarian of Afriterra Foundation and a Capacity Building coordinator for the Disasters at the Group of Earth Observations (GEO).

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6610.3 - Mapping of the dilemma of Mining against forests and conservation in the Lom and Djérem Division-Cameroon.



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