Buitenzorg-Soekaboemi-Tjiandjoer Railway Heritage, Designing a Cultural Heritage Route Map

Monday, July 3
2:30 PM - 5:30 PM
Location: Exhibit Hall C

The year of 1840, during the Dutch occupation of East Indies - Indonesia today - , there was a great need to mobilize resources and troops within Dutch occupation territory. Traditional land vehicle such as horse-drawn carts were not sufficient to fulfill the increasing demands of transportation. Moreover, during the rain season, dirt road would turn into mud which cause the vehicle to move slower. This lead to the innovation of using railways to transport raw materials from inland plantation area to seaport in coastal area, or mobilizing army to maintain order againts local resistance.

Later in 1862, the first railways were built with track plan of Semarang-Solo-Yogyakarta-Brosot which was originally proposed by W. Poolman, a plantation businessman. The construction was permitted under certain condition by not only connecting economical plantation area, but also connecting the militiary sites such as fort, barrack, or armory for better arrangement of the army. The first stage of railways construction was done in 1867, with about 25 km long of operating line. It was noted as the first time of operating railways in East Indies, thus remarked as history of the beginning of railways in Indonesia.

The presence of a railway in certain area leads to major changes in economic, social and local custom. Furthermore, it can also contribute to or affect on global issues. This particular circumstances took place in one of the most interesting line in Indonesia, Buitenzorg-Soekaboemi-Tjiandjoer. The largest quinine factory in the world, the only "gutta percha" producer that played a key role to global telecommunication, the best tea plantation, royal tourist destination are among interesting points in this route.

Presenting history and heritage in form of interesting and informative visual media is always become a challenging task. It is mainly struggling in how to present the story which could bring perception and deep impression upon public of historical enthusiast. Therefore, using a map as a tool to present historical information based on geospatial perspective could be one of convenience ways.

Dicky A. S Soeria Atmadja

Senior Scientist in Cartography
Center for Remote Sensing; Institute of Technology, Bandung

Graduated from Dept of Geodetic & Geomatics Engineering; Institute of Technology, Bandung (ITB) - Indonesia in 1994 and Industrial Management ITB in 1999. Assistant Professor in the Laboratory of Photogrammetry, Cartography & Remote Sensing ITB (1994-1999). GIS engineer in various government projects (1999-2003). GIS Lecturer in Land Administration Master Degree Program ITB (2003-2008). Geospatial Information experts in various government & private projects (2008-2014). Head of Development Division, Bandung Heritage Society (2013-2016). Senior Scientist in Cartography in the Center for Remote Sensing ITB (2014-present). Vice President of UNESCO-ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments & Sites) Indonesia (2014-present).


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M. Ibrahim Ulinnuha

Assistant Cartographer
ICOMOS Indonesia

Graduated from Geodetic Engineering & Geomatics Study Program, Institute of Technology, Bandung (2016). Working as Assistant Cartographer at ICOMOS Indonesia (present).


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Buitenzorg-Soekaboemi-Tjiandjoer Railway Heritage, Designing a Cultural Heritage Route Map

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