POSTER SESSION A: Ar Hi De Ub Cr

Analysis of the limit conflict between the municipalities of Catu and Pojuca, Brazil using Cartography

Monday, July 3
2:30 PM - 5:30 PM
Location: Exhibit Hall C

This work analyzes the conflict of demarcation of limits between the municipalities of Catu and Pojuca in the state of Bahia, Brazil, to show the usefulness of Cartography in the analysis of social and territorial conflicts. The object of the dispute of these two cities have its origin in the oil found in relative abundance in the sedimentary basin of the Reconcavo Baiano, in which these municipalities are located, and whose distribution of oil production fields do not obey any political-administrative route. The aim was to analyze how intertwine society, legislation and geographical classifications and reveal more clearly the information of delimiting areas through the available resources of digital mapping and spatial database. In the case study of the cities of Catu and Pojuca, we analyze a historical dispute that begins with the processes of creation and emancipation of these territories. Through historical documents such as the State Law No. 979 in 1913 that dismembered and emancipates Pojuca district of the territory of Santana do Catu, one sees a common past, which does not necessarily reflect a friendly relationship, conflicted by the use and extraction of resources of the region. The conflict is necessarily economic, over the disputed royalties guaranteed by Federal Law 9478/97, in addition to the ICMS (Tax on Goods and Services), established by the Complementary Federal Law 87/96. The first law to define the municipal territorial exchange of Bahia state in which are located the cities of Catu and Pojuca is the State Law 628/1953 which tried to organize the demarcation of municipalities between 1954 and 1958. The Federal Constitution of 1988 reinforced the state government responsibility for the political-administrative organization of municipalities in its territory and generated a critic of the fact that the state Law 628/1953 was the only territorial legal reference until 2011, when were created the state Law 12,057/11, witch permited the creation of the Update of Limits of Municipalities of the State of Bahia Project. Between 1953 and 2011 the municipalities of Catu and Pojuca initiated and aggravated the dispute over the territory of the exploration field of Campo Grande Water, located between their limits. The Law 12.057/11, created after the partnership between IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), SEI (Superintendence of Economic and Social Studies) and ALBA (Legislative Assembly of Bahia), started the updates of the limits of the municipalities, but did not ease the discomfort between the parties. For the city of Catu, became clear in meetings with technicians of SEI the desire of revaluation of the updates of the limits. Currently is running in ALBA the State Law Project No. 20,914 / 2014 to update, with legally grant from the State Law 12,057/11, the boundaries between the cities of Catu and Pojuca. Analyzing this State Law Project and comparing its limits with the current limits established by IBGE and SEI, in parallel with the analysis of images of Google Earth assembled using the GIS platform QGIS, we obtained a solid base to visualize the conflict in discussion. Thus, the tools of Cartography not only make clear that the real interests camouflaged behind this story of disputes about a land boundary, but also permits to quantify the profits of the royalties due to wells oil that are disputed through the proposed limits.

Gessica V. Araujo

Student
Universidade Federal da Bahia

Undergraduate student at UFBA

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Laercio Santos

Student
Universidade Federal da Bahia

Undergraduate student at UFBA

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Michael Heimer

Professor
Universidade Federal da Bahia

Bachelor degree in Geology from the Federal University of Bahia (1995), bachelor degree in Physics from the Federal University of Bahia (2003), master's degree in Geophysics from the Federal University of Para (2001) and PhD in Geophysics from the Federal University of Bahia (2010). My research is mainly in numerical modeling and inversion of geophysical data, having worked mainly with magnetotelluric, electrical resistivity and GPR methods. Today I am professor of the Departamento de Engenharia de Transportes e Geodésia of the Federal University of Bahia, where I am giving lectures in Physical Geodesy, Geoprocessing and Geostatistics.

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Analysis of the limit conflict between the municipalities of Catu and Pojuca, Brazil using Cartography



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