Cartography in Early Warning and Crisis Management

Innovative data and mapping methods for disaster risk reduction

4104.1 - Recent innovation of geospatial information technology to support disaster risk management and responses

Tuesday, July 4
8:30 AM - 8:50 AM
Location: Virginia B

Geographic location is one of the most fundamental and indispensable information elements in the field of disaster response and prevention. Without geospatial information, the effect of measures or actions for disaster risk reduction would be quite limited. Recent years have seen rapid and significant development and dissemination of innovative technologies that are relevant to geospatial applications, including satellite positioning, wireless Internet access, satellite-based and in situ Earth observation, web mapping, UAVs and near real-time Big Data analysis. These technologies have enabled decision-makers and the general public to employ geospatial information and integrate it with other information in an easy-to-use and affordable manner in every phase of the disaster management cycle, including disaster risk assessment, emergency response operations in disasters, and “build back better” recovery from disaster damage at any time and place. For example, in the case of the Tohoku Earthquake in 2011, aerial photos taken immediately after the Earthquake greatly improved information sharing among different government offices and facilitated the rescue and recovery operations, and maps prepared after the disasters assisted in the rapid reconstruction of affected local communities. Thanks to recent development of geospatial information technology, the information has become more essential for disaster response activities. Advancement in web mapping technology allows us to better understand the situation by overlaying various location-specific data on base maps on the web and specifying the areas which the activities should be focused. Distribution of reasonable image processing software applying Structure from Motion (SfM) and the Multi-View Stereo (MVS) theory brought about new disaster information acquisition methods. 3-D modelling technology gives us a realistic understanding of the relationship between disaster and topography. Geospatial information technology can support proper preparation and emergency responses against disasters by individuals and local communities through such as hazard mapping and other information services using mobile devices. For instance, mobile phone applications to assist the evacuation of residents and a network analysis system of evacuation routes as a risk communication tool for local communities are becoming increasingly common. Thus, geospatial information technology, the result of geography and cartography, is now playing a more vital role on all the stages of disaster risk management and responses. In acknowledging the vital role of geospatial information for disaster risk reduction, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, adopted at the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, held in March 2015 in Sendai, Japan (Miyagi Prefecture) reveals the importance of utilizing geospatial information technology for disaster risk reduction. In this presentation, we will introduce some concrete examples of recent applications of geospatial information technology for disaster risk management and emergency responses in Japan.

Hiroshi Une

Director General, Geography and Crustal Dynamics Research Center
Geospatial Information Authority of Japan

Born in Tokyo in 1958.
Graduated from Department of Geography, University of Tokyo in 1981
Work for the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism from 1981 up to now
Speciallity on tectonic geomorphlogy, active faults, crustal deformation, maps for disaster reduction and hazard maps
Exective Board Memeber of Japanese Cartographers Association
Member of Association of Japanese Geographers, Tokyo Geographical Society, Japanese Sciety for Active Fault Studies, GIS Association, Japan Association for Quaternary Research, Seismological Society of Japan etc.
Presented at ICC 2003 in Darban


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Takayuki Nakano

Researcher, Geography and Crustal Dynamics Research Center
Geospatial Information Authority of Japan

Takayuki Nakano, Geospatial Information Authority of Japan
My biography & carrier
1977: Born in Japan
2000: Graduated from the Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Toyama, Japan
2002: Completed from Graduate School of Science and Engineering for Science (MSc), University of Toyama, Japan
2002: Entered the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan
2008: Assigned Researcher of the Geography and Crustal Dynamics Research Center, Geospatial Information Authority of Japan
2010: Completed from Graduate School of Science and Engineering for Science (PhD), University of Toyama, Japan

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Ming-Hsiang Tsou

Professor
San Diego State University

Dr. Ming-Hsiang (Ming) Tsou is a Professor in the Department of Geography, San Diego State University (SDSU) and the Director of Center for Human Dynamics in the Mobile Age (HDMA). His research interests are in Human Dynamics, Social Media, Big Data, Visualization, Internet Mapping, Web GIS, Mobile GIS, Cartography, and K-12 GIS education. He is co-author of "Internet GIS", a scholarly book published in 2003 by Wiley and served on the editorial boards of the Annals of GIS (2008-), Cartography and GIScience (2013-) and the Professional Geographers (2011-). He has been served on two U.S. National Academy of Science Committees. In Spring 2014, Tsou established a new research center, Human Dynamics in the Mobile Age (http://humandynamics.sdsu.edu/), a transdisciplinary research area of excellence at San Diego State University to integrate research works from GIScience, Public Health, Social Science, Sociology, and Communication. Tsou is the founding director of the HDMA Center.

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