Poster, Podium & Video Sessions
Presentation Authors: Danielle de Sa Dantas Bezerra*, Luis Gustavo Morato Toledo, Jose Eduardo Vetorazzo Filho, Antonio Pedro Flores Auge, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Introduction: Cystoscopic administration of BoNT-A has been reported to be effective for patients with idiopathic overactive bladder refractory. Most of studies ranging doses have reported OnabotulinumtoxinA. The purpose of our study was to compare 300U versus 500U of AbobotulinumtoxinA in this patients.
Methods: This is a prospective, randomized, blind study. Adult female patients, with symptoms of OAB, who had failed conservative treatment or discontinued pharmacotherapy due to intolerability or contraindications were included. Patients who had any neurological disease, tumors, pelvic abnormalities or voiding dysfunction were excluded. Detrusor overactivity was not required for inclusion. They were assessed at 4,12 and 24 weeks after injection. Treatment consisted of 30 injections distribuited into the detrusor muscle, avoiding trigone. The primary outcome was change in clinical status, including urinary frequency, urgency and urinary urgency incontinence (UUI) episodes. Secondary outcomes were changes in maximum cystometric capacity (MCC), volume at first desire to void (FDV) and post-void residual (PVR). Quality of life (QoL) was assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS,0-10) and a patient global impression of improvement (PGI-I).Urinary retention, urinary tract infection (UTI) and required clean intermitent catheterization (CIC) were adverse events.
Results: A total of 22 patients were randomized to either 300U (n=11) or 500U (n=11) groups. Baseline demographics characteristics were comparable for both groups. All 21 patients reported urgency, with 90% of UUI before treatment. At 12 w, an important reduction in daily UUI episodes was observed in two groups, with 90% of them being dry. Decrease in mean episodes of nocturia and urinary frequency, increase FDV and CCM and a mean reduction in total ICIQ-OAB were observed. At 24 w, episodes of UUI had returned in 50% (300U) and 0% (500U) (p=0,013). Patients had an impression of significant improvement in 70% (300U) and 88,9% (500U) at 12w; and 50% (300U) and 100% (500U),at 24w. Score of VAS was manteined higher in 500U group. There was a significant increase in mean PVR after treatment (4w) in both groups. Our incidence of UTI was 36,7% (300U) and 34,6% (500U). One patient (500U) required CIC for 2 weeks.
Conclusions: Data from this study suggest 500U improves symptoms and quality of life for longer time than 300U. However, results are not significantly differents to determine which dose is safer. As far we know this is the first study to compare two doses of AbobotulinumtoxinA for refractory idiophatic OAB.
Source Of Funding: none
Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo
My name is Danielle de Sá Dantas Bezerra.
I was graduated in University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal/RN, Brazil.
My Master degree was in a Medical Sciences College Santa Casa Sao Paulo, Brazil, from 2013 to 2016, including Urology department and Urogynecology department.
My credentials: Danielle Bezerra, MD
Monday, May 15
10:20 AM – 10:30 AM