Poster, Podium & Video Sessions
Presentation Authors: Laura Nguyen, Natalie Gaines*, Larry Sirls, Kim Killinger, Royal Oak, MI, Morgan Gruner, Michelle Jankowski, Rochester, MI, Kenneth Peters, Royal Oak, MI
Introduction: We evaluated satisfaction, quality of life, and additional treatments after transvaginal (TV) and abdominal (ABD) pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair.
Methods: Adult women enrolled in a prospective POP database were reviewed. Baseline and outcomes data one year after surgery were collected from medical records, validated Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI), and mailed surveys, and analyzed with descriptive statistics, Fishers Exact, and two sample t tests.
Results: Two hundred twenty-two patients were identified from the database, of whom 147 (66%) had TV and 75 (34%) had ABD repair. TV patients were older (mean 64.1 vs. 59.7 years; p=0.003) but no differences in BMI, race, marital status or other demographics were identified. Preoperative mean anterior (TV 2.7 vs. ABD 3.1; p=0.003) and apical (TV 2.1 vs. ABD 3.1; p<0.001) POP grades were more severe in the ABD patients compared to the TV patients. Baseline PFDI scores however were similar between groups (TV 115.8 vs. ABD 111.6, p=0.605). At one year PFDI scores were improved in both groups, though were significantly higher in the TV group (45.6 vs. 32.6; p=0.032). Absolute score improvement from baseline to 1-year did not differ (TV -67.6 vs. ABD -76.1, p=0.353). The majority of patients in both groups reported moderately or markedly improved overall symptoms (TV 79/101; 78% and ABD 51/59; 86% p=0.199) and quality of life (80/101; 79% and 51/59; 87% p=0.252). Similar proportions of patients in both groups (TV 52/109; 48% vs. ABD 21/62; 34%, p=0.108) had additional POP treatments including pelvic floor physical therapy, medications, coping strategies, and surgical procedures. Specifically, there was no difference in rates of additional surgical treatments for prolapse between groups (TV 32/109; 29% vs. ABD 10/62; 11%, p=0.053). Most TV and ABD patients were satisfied (68/101; 68% and 48/59; 81%, p=0.055, respectively) and would recommend to a friend (85/99; 86% and 55/57; 96%, p=0.052).
Conclusions: This study suggests that although symptoms, satisfaction and quality of life improve after both TV and ABD prolapse repair, women seek additional treatments as early as the first year after POP repair.
Source Of Funding: None