Moderated Poster

Poster, Podium & Video Sessions

MP63-07: Characterization of Low Amplitude Rhythmic Contractions During Urodynamics

Sunday, May 14
3:30 PM - 5:30 PM
Location: BCEC: Room 153

Presentation Authors: Zachary Cullingsworth*, Brooks Kelly, William Simmons, Andrew Colhoun, Anna Nagle, Randy Vince, John Speich, Adam Klausner, Richmond, VA

Introduction: Human detrusor smooth muscle (DSM) can exhibit low amplitude rhythmic contractions (LARC) which may contribute to overactive bladder (OAB) in some patients. The aim of this study was to develop an objective method to identify LARC during urodynamics (UD), categorize patients with significant LARC, and potentially begin to characterize a LARC-mediated OAB/detrusor overactivity subtype.

Methods: An algorithm was developed to analyze UD filling data in low volume (1st 410 seconds) and high volume (final 410s) regions. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis identified the frequency (F) in the 1-6 cycle/min range associated with the maximum amplitude of the vesical pressure (Pves) in each region (Fig 1). A patient-specific range of interest corresponding to F ± 0.5 cycles/min was determined. Pves and Pabd amplitudes were analyzed separately to identify both significant (higher than average) and independent (distinct from Pabd) Pves signals. To be significant, Pves amplitude must be > 1.35 standard deviations (SD) above average Pves amplitude. To be independent, the Pabd amplitude must be < 1.35 SD above the average Pabd amplitude. SD of 1.35 was chosen using an iterative process in 0.05 SD increments to identify the maximum number of significant and independent signals.

Results: This algorithm was used to retrospectively analyze 43 consecutive UD studies which included 25 (14 neurogenic, 11 idiopathic) with detrusor overactivity (58%). The average age of the entire group was 55±2 years and included 14 men and 29 women. FFT analysis identified a significant and independent Pves signal in 12/43 patients (28%) of which 8/12 (67%, 5 neurogenic, 3 idiopathic) had detrusor overactivity. The average age of patients with significant and independent signals was 54±5 years and included 6 men and 6 women.

Conclusions: Analysis of LARC during UD testing identified a subset of patients with a significant and independent slow wave frequency in Pves. Further refinements of this technique may help identify subsets of individuals with LARC-mediated OAB/detrusor overactivity.

Source Of Funding: Support provided by NIH grant R01DK101719 and the VCU Presidential Research Quest Fund.

Zachary Cullingsworth

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