Track 2: DESIGN - PLANNING THE CONSERVATION OF HISTORIC PLACES / Volet 2 : Conception - Planifier la conservation de lieux historiques

Damage and Deterioration in the Arthur Neiva Pavilion: studies for a conservation management plan

Saturday, October 14
10:45 AM - 12:15 PM

This paper is a case study of the Arthur Neiva Pavilion at the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The intent is to present the studies and assessments held at this building carried out with the financial support of the Getty Foundation through the Keeping It Modern Initiative, which enabled the undertaking of analyses and consultant services to further study the Arthur Neiva Pavilion, in order to support the elaboration of a conservation management plan for the building.
Originally known as Courses Pavilion, it is one of Fiocruz modern buildings. Designed by Jorge Ferreira in 1942, the building stands amongst other noteworthy structures that went up in Brazil starting in the latter half of the 1930s. Divided in two blocks perpendicularly to one another and connected by pilotis, the building excels on showing elements that characterize the Brazilian modern style, including a garden and artistic tiles mural by landscape architect, Roberto Burle Marx.
The pavilion was designed to house both theoretical and practical classes from the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, some research laboratories and administrative functions. Throughout the years, some alterations were made to its original fabric, in order to attend biosafety regulations for the classrooms and laboratories; other alterations were due to updating the equipment to newer, technological ones.
The project focused on reviewing and updating historical and architectural documentation, mapping of the damages and the conservation status of the building and its artistic tiles mural, laboratory tests and chemical analyses of mortar and tile samples, and structural assessment.
The article presents the analytical investigations held at the building in order to fully understand the decay and deterioration processes, such as the structural decay of the reinforced concrete, deterioration of wooden framing elements and external cladding, cracks on the auditorium walls, and water infiltration. These studies resulted in many useful findings that will support to establish procedures and strategies to reverse the most serious damage to the building.
The studies focused on the investigation and understanding of the building’s pathologies, and establishing the better way to conserve and restore the building. The reports on these activities are of uttermost importance to support the development of a conservation plan for the Arthur Neiva Pavilion, which will establish guidelines and criteria to direct future care and preventive conservation measures for the building.

Learning Objectives:

Barbara Cortizo de Aguiar

Architect & Conservator
Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz

Barbara Cortizo de Aguiar is a doctoral student in Architecture at the University of Texas at Austin with a master’s degree in Urban Development from the Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil, with a specialization in Modern Architecture Conservation from the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (Iccrom). She is an Architecture and Urbanism graduate from the Federal University of Pernambuco and has experience as a lecturer in the Theory and History of Architecture and Urbanism and Conservation. The focus of her work is in the following areas: integrated urban conservation, historical heritage, and modern architecture. Barbara is a member of the Association for Preservation Technology International and Docomomo. She has been an architect at Casa de Oswaldo Cruz’s Department of Historical Heritage (Fiocruz) since 2013.


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Daniel Lopes Moreira

Architect & Conservator
Casa de Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz

Daniel Lopes Moreira has degrees from the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (BArch, 2001), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Masters in Urbanism, 2009), the Centro de Estudos Avançados da Conservação Integrada – CECI (Integrated Urban Conservation, 2006), and the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of the Cultural Property - ICCROM (Conservation of Latin American Modern Architecture, 2010). Currently, the focus of his work is to develop heritage education actions.


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Kyle Normandin

Associate Principal
Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc.

Kyle Normandin is an Associate Principal at Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, in Los Angeles. He serves as a chair of the APTi’s Technical Committee on Modern Heritage (TC-MH) and is an Ex-officio board member of Association for Preservation Technology International. Kyle has contributed numerous technical papers on architectural conservation of cultural heritage and serves on the Editorial Advisory Board for the Journal of Architectural Conservation. Kyle holds a B.A. in Architecture from UC Berkeley and an M.S. in Historic Preservation from Columbia University. Kyle currently serves as the Secretary General of the ICOMOS ISC20C and is on the Board of Trustees for the California Preservation Foundation.


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Ken Itle

Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc.

Kenneth Itle is an Associate Principal with Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc., in Northbrook, Illinois. He specializes in architectural preservation, with special emphasis in masonry, roofing, plaster, windows, and plaza systems. He is a licensed architect with more than 15 years of experience working on condition surveys, preparation of repair drawings and specifications, and construction observation for historically significant buildings nationwide.


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Damage and Deterioration in the Arthur Neiva Pavilion: studies for a conservation management plan

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