Category: Adult Anxiety

Symposium

Treatment Expectations Among Anxious Young Adults In Outpatient Treatment

Friday, November 17
3:30 PM - 5:00 PM
Location: Sapphire Ballroom I & J, Level 4, Sapphire Level

Keywords: Anxiety | Service Delivery | Hispanic Americans
Presentation Type: Symposium

Background: Despite the high rates of anxiety disorders among young adults, few of them receive mental health treatment (Copeland et al., 2015). This is even more pronounced among Latino young adults who are less likely to seek and use treatment than White young adults (Miranda et al., 2015). Untreated anxiety can lead to other mental health problems, such as depression, substance abuse, and suicidality (Copeland et al., 2015). Much of what is known regarding barriers to treatment engagement for Latinos has focused on parents and older adults (Lindsey et al., 2013). However, young adults might experience their own barriers that impact treatment engagement. One such hypothesized barrier is expectations for treatment (Kim et al., 2012). The current study will examine treatment expectations among anxious Latino young adults in outpatient treatment.


Methods: Participants were patients who self-identified as Latino (n=19) and were receiving cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders in an urban academic medical center (WH-YAC). Participants answered a self-report questionnaire about treatment expectations as part of the clinic intake. All participants provided informed consent to participate in research. Of these, 53% (n=10) were female with a mean age of 17.63 (SD=1.86). Participants were asked to indicate whom took the initiative to attend treatment and complete two open-ended questions about their motivation for treatment and expectations.


Results: Most participants reported that they were the ones who took the initiative to attend WH-YAC (n=8), followed by a family member (n=5) and doctor or other healthcare provider (n=3). Thematic analysis (Braun & Clark, 2006) will be used to analyze responses to open-ended questions. Analyses will also examine how previous treatment experience and positive or negative treatment expectations relate to treatment attendance.


Implications: Findings from this study have the potential to help reduce mental health disparities faced by Latinos by informing future treatment engagement interventions.

Jazmin A. Reyes-Portillo

Assistant Professor and Clinical Psychologist
New York State Psychiatric Institute/Columbia University Medical Center

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