Category: Personality Disorders
Keywords: Borderline Personality Disorder | Couples / Close Relationships | Emotion
Presentation Type: Symposium
Recent research has explored the ability of individuals with BPD to accurately recognize the emotional states of others. The vast majority of this work has used laboratory-based stimuli consisting of images of faces depicting various emotions, and results from these studies have been mixed: Some evidence suggests emotion recognition impairments exist among individuals with BPD, indicated by higher attribution of anger to neutral faces or deficits in accuracy of recognizing emotions. Other evidence suggests heightened emotion recognition, as shown in findings indicating that individuals with BPD are faster at identifying emotions. Additional research has sought to employing videos or other more complex stimuli, with evidence accumulating for deficits in social cognition among individuals with BPD. It remains to be seen, however, if these laboratory-based studies are ecologically valid. Thus, the present study sought to determine how BPD symptoms might affect emotion recognition in the real-world among couples who reported on their own, and estimations of their partners’, daily emotional states.
The present study recruited 168 participants (84 cohabitating couples) from the community. Participants completed a three-week daily diary that assessed their own mood state, as well as their estimates of their partner’s mood. From these daily ratings, each participants’ sensitivity and specificity for their partners’ negative and positive emotions were calculated. At baseline, participants completed a measure of BPD symptoms.
Friday, November 17
12:00 PM – 1:30 PM
Saturday, November 18
10:15 AM – 11:45 AM
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