Category: Personality Disorders
Keywords: Self-Injury | Emotion Regulation | Ecological Momentary Assessment
Presentation Type: Symposium
Daily stressors, particularly those that are interpersonal in nature, play an important role in cognitive-behavioral models of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI; Turner et al., 2016), suicidal ideation (King & Merchant, 2008), disordered eating (Cain et al., 2011), alcohol and drug use (Cooper et al., 1992; Sher et al., 2005), and compulsive buying (Kellett & Bolton, 2009). According to these models, interpersonal stressors produce negative affect, which serves as an establishing operation for maladaptive behaviors that provide short-term emotional relief. The goal of this study was to identify specific types of interpersonal stressors associated with maladaptive behaviors using a daily diary.
Participants were 60 young adults (aged 18-35, 85% female, 27% with Borderline Personality Disorder) with a history of recent and repeated NSSI. Participants provided daily reports of daily stressors (Bolger et al., 1989; Ruehlman & Karoly, 1991), negative affect (Wilhelm & Schoebi, 2007) and thoughts about or engagement in NSSI, suicidal behavior, disordered eating [binge eating, purging, or fasting], alcohol or drugs use, and impulsive spending, for 14 consecutive days. Generalized estimating equations examined the association of four types of interpersonal stressors (hostile, insensitive, interfering, and ridiculing) and each behavior.
Assistant Professor of Psychology
University of Victoria
Friday, November 17
12:00 PM – 1:30 PM
Saturday, November 18
10:15 AM – 11:45 AM
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