Keywords: Stress | Social Relationships | Mediation / Mediators
Presentation Type: Symposium
Trauma symptoms occurring in response to assaultive events are proposed to have a greater impact on interpersonal outcomes relative to indirect/accidental exposure. However, few studies have directly examined the impact of index trauma on the relation of PTSD and social outcomes or explored specific factors that may account for differences in this association. Several literatures note assaultive trauma is linked to greater stigma and social disapproval as compared to non-assaultive events. Results suggest that disapproval in the larger community may account for variability in the relation between PTSD and interpersonal outcomes across trauma type.
Data were collected from a sample of trauma-exposed undergraduates (N = 171). Index event was assessed via clinical interview. PCL-5, disapproval, perceived support, and social functioning were collected via self-report. Hypothesized effects were examined using conditional process models with bootstrapped tests for the indirect effect of PTSDxTrauma on social functioning and perceived support through community disapproval.
Assault survivors (n = 104; 60.6% sexual assault) reported greater symptoms (p = .006; d = .42), disapproval (p < .001; d = .73), and lower functioning (p = .010; d = .55) than the non-assault group (n = 67; 59.7% accidents). A small effect was noted for perceived support (p = .209; d = .20).
Results indicated an interaction of PCL-5xTrauma on community disapproval (p = .050) with symptoms showing a stronger relation in non-assaultive (β = .68; p < .001) vs. assaultive (β = .40; p < .001) groups. PTSDxTrauma returned indirect effects on both functioning (CI95 [-.0283, -.0002]) and perceived support (CI95 [.0001, .0145]) through disapproval. Indirect paths for social functioning were larger for non-assaultive (CI95 [.0089, .0470]) vs. assaultive (CI95 [.0048, .0316]) events. Similar effects were noted for perceived support (Non-assault: CI95 [-.0253, -.0025]; Assault: CI95 [-.0175, -.0011]).
Despite higher symptoms and disapproval following assaultive events, data suggest PTSD may hold a stronger relation with social judgment-and indirectly with interpersonal outcomes-following non-assaultive trauma.
University of Wyoming
Saturday, November 18
12:00 PM – 1:30 PM
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