Category: Cognitive Science / Cognitive Processes

Symposium

Symposium 29 - Neurocognitive Interventions: Gaze-Contingent Techniques to Target Attention Biases in Psychological Disorders

Friday, November 17
12:00 PM - 1:30 PM
Location: Sapphire Ballroom E & F, Level 4, Sapphire Level

Keywords: Attention | Neurocognitive Therapies | Cognitive Processes
Presentation Type: Symposium

Psychological disorders posit important challenges for treatment. The NIMH has highlighted the need to precisely identify core mechanisms involved in their development and maintenance, as a crucial step in exploring new treatments. This major goal aims to translate findings on neuroscience and behavioral science into novel neurocognitive interventions to alter dysfunctional neural circuits and psychological processes underlying psychological disorders, in order to reduce symptoms. One critical neurocognitive impairment in numerous forms of psychopathology refers to the existence of biases in basic processes of visual attention. Attention biases are commonly related to dysfunctional activity in cortico-limbic pathways involved in the top-down regulation of emotions, and are causally involved dysfunctional emotion regulation, sustained negative affect and impaired social functioning. The series of talks in this symposium will present the latest developments on neurostimulation and gaze-contingent techniques aimed to experimentally manipulate and improve visual attention processes causally involved in affective and social functioning.
Rudi De Raedt will present two studies using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and eye tracking to investigate the involvement of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in emotional dysregulation through attention to emotional images. Alvaro Sanchez will present a new gaze-contingent training to target attention mechanism involved in emotion regulation processes. This procedure changes attention patterns in the context of self-relevant statements using online feedback provided through eye-tracking. New evidence will be presented showing that this innovative training can improve both reappraisal and rumination processes. Amit Lazarov will describe another relevant novel eye-tracking paradigm to modify attention impairments involved in social anxiety and depression. He will present a series of studies using an innovative eight sessions intervention of gaze-contingent music reward therapy designed to regulate attention towards social information. Clinical benefits for both clinically socially anxious and depressed individuals will be highlighted. Leanne Chukoskie will demonstrate novel ways of gaze-contingent therapies to improve social interaction and communication in autism spectrum disorder. She will present a new procedure designed to train fast and accurate attention orienting as well as stable fixation. Evidence on significant improvements on attention orienting and eye movement performance of ASD adolescents in a 8-weeks training will be presented. Finally, evidence on how these innovative techniques provide important steps towards new personalized neurocognitive treatments will be discussed by Ernst Koster.

Learning Objectives:

Send Email for Rudi De Raedt

Alvaro Sanchez

Post-Doctoral Researcher
Ghent University

Presentation(s):

Send Email for Alvaro Sanchez

Ernst Koster

Professor
Ghent University

Presentation(s):

    Send Email for Ernst Koster

    Send Email for Rudi De Raedt

    Alvaro Sanchez

    Post-Doctoral Researcher
    Ghent University

    Presentation(s):

    Send Email for Alvaro Sanchez

    Amit Lazarov

    Researcher
    Tel Aviv University

    Presentation(s):

    Send Email for Amit Lazarov

    Leanne Chukoskie

    Assistant Research Scientist
    University of California, San Diego

    Presentation(s):

    Send Email for Leanne Chukoskie


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